Problem issues. Origins What creates this social problem of

Problem Statement
The topic I chose is Adolescent suicide and the definition of Adolescent suicide is when a
person who is in the age range of 10-19 decides to end their own life. The problem is that lots of
young people are killing themselves each day and that this is a social problem because suicide
stories of young people are becoming more evident on the news even when there is help being
offered. Parental conflict and unstable family conditions may have an effect on the wellbeing of
adolescents and their mental health(Junker, 2017). We are justified for studying this problem
because suicide is the third leading cause of death among young people(Junker, 2017). It is very
hard to comprehend what is going through a person’s mind as they are in the process of
committing suicide. If they do succeed in committing suicide all the negative feelings and
thoughts they have about themselves are taken with them. Adolescents who have supportive
friends and family makes it easier for them to deal with frustration. However, many adolescents
think they don’t have a supportive group of people so they become distant with family and
friends. Therefore, adolescents who feel this way are at an increased risk for suicide. A few
reasons why adolescents do suicide is that they are trying to get away from a situation that seems
inevitable or to escape a place of bad thoughts and negativity. Durkheim concluded that social
integration is a factor of suicide(Abrutyn ,2014).
The consequences of this social problem is that we are losing loved ones every day and family
members and close friends are strongly impacted by each suicide and portray grief reactions such
as sorrow, guilt, shock, etc. In 2013 17.7% of high school students have thought about suicide
while the 9% of those students have attempted suicide(Onieal, 2017). The behavior of adolescent
suicides is a crucial concern in public health as estimated one adolescent out of 10 or 8-10%
have admitted to attempting suicide(Onieal, 2017). Young people who do attempt suicide usually
resort to drug overdose and it is mostly done by females. Also, 1-5% of suicides that has
involved drug overdose resulted in death(Onieall, 2017). These shocking facts are the
consequences of adolescent suicide and the reasons why we need to focus on this social problem
and resolve the issues.
What creates this social problem of teen suicide is that teens have a lot of pressure and
expectations from their peers. In the world we live in society is becoming more developed and
wealthier which leads to higher standards (Mueller, 2016). Due to this societies that are more
advanced and are richer have higher rates of suicide(Mueller, 2016). As societies become more
modern people stop believing in religious ideas. They start to pertain to a more individualistic
belief and believe that your fate is always in your own hands. Which then leads to the idea that a
person is responsible for their own failure(Mueller, 2016). The sociologist Emile Durkheim
wrote a book called Suicide that got published in 1867 which is the first book to reveal a
sociological study that portrayed an in-depth review of a case study in suicide that showed there
can be social causes to suicide. Durkheim developed a sociological theory of suicide in which
social integration and moral regulation are responsible for suicides within a population(Mueller,
2016). People who are less socially integrated are more at risk to commit suicide.
Death rates specifically in teen suicide underscores those risk factors that led to teen deaths
which immediately call for mental health professionals to come up with strategies to prevent
these risk factors(Yasien ,2016). Some of the solutions to prevent adolescent suicide has been
focused on school educational programs, crisis center hotlines, media and limiting access to
firearms. Treatment for adolescent suicide can be effective if the signs of someone wanting to
commit suicide is present. Some of the warning signs to look out for are change in personality,
recent loss, change in behavior, sleep patterns, change in eating habits, low self-esteem, has
talked about dying, and hopelessness for the future(Whitlock, 2014). If there is intervention
efforts made for youths at-risk for suicide they can be set up with the mental health services that
can save their lives. As of right now the most effective suicide prevention programs have mental
health professionals and other community health educators equipped with resources to
distinguish who is at risk for suicide and who has access to mental health care. A program called
Stop a Suicide Today is a school-based suicide prevention program that has gained success in
documenting reduction in self-reported suicide attempts(“American Psychological Association”
n.d.). The program teaches people how to recognize the signs of suicide in family and friends
and encourages others to make a difference in the lives of people they love and care about. It
brings in a greater understanding of suicide and mental illness(” American Psychological
Association” n.d.). It informs that a key step into preventing suicide is to get those into a mental
health treatment. Another way to prevent suicide in adolescents is to call the National Suicide
Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK(“American Psychological Association” n.d.) Their
mission is to give assistance to individuals in a suicidal crisis by connecting them to the closest
suicide prevention and mental health provider simply by calling the number mentioned
before(“American Psychological Association” n.d.). These solutions can significantly reduce the
percentage of adolescents committing suicides and save lives of innocent people. Following
Durkheim’s theory these suicide prevention programs can distinguish the type of suicide the
individual is facing.