Problem Statement The topic I chose is Adolescent suicide and the definition of Adolescent suicide is when aperson who is in the age range of 10-19 decides to end their own life. The problem is that lots ofyoung people are killing themselves each day and that this is a social problem because suicidestories of young people are becoming more evident on the news even when there is help beingoffered. Parental conflict and unstable family conditions may have an effect on the wellbeing ofadolescents and their mental health(Junker, 2017). We are justified for studying this problembecause suicide is the third leading cause of death among young people(Junker, 2017).
It is veryhard to comprehend what is going through a person’s mind as they are in the process ofcommitting suicide. If they do succeed in committing suicide all the negative feelings andthoughts they have about themselves are taken with them. Adolescents who have supportivefriends and family makes it easier for them to deal with frustration. However, many adolescentsthink they don’t have a supportive group of people so they become distant with family andfriends.
Therefore, adolescents who feel this way are at an increased risk for suicide. A fewreasons why adolescents do suicide is that they are trying to get away from a situation that seemsinevitable or to escape a place of bad thoughts and negativity. Durkheim concluded that socialintegration is a factor of suicide(Abrutyn ,2014).
Consequences The consequences of this social problem is that we are losing loved ones every day and familymembers and close friends are strongly impacted by each suicide and portray grief reactions suchas sorrow, guilt, shock, etc. In 2013 17.7% of high school students have thought about suicidewhile the 9% of those students have attempted suicide(Onieal, 2017). The behavior of adolescent ADOLESCENT SUICIDE Stephanie Kurian 2suicides is a crucial concern in public health as estimated one adolescent out of 10 or 8-10%have admitted to attempting suicide(Onieal, 2017). Young people who do attempt suicide usuallyresort to drug overdose and it is mostly done by females. Also, 1-5% of suicides that hasinvolved drug overdose resulted in death(Onieall, 2017). These shocking facts are theconsequences of adolescent suicide and the reasons why we need to focus on this social problemand resolve the issues.Origins What creates this social problem of teen suicide is that teens have a lot of pressure andexpectations from their peers.
In the world we live in society is becoming more developed andwealthier which leads to higher standards (Mueller, 2016). Due to this societies that are moreadvanced and are richer have higher rates of suicide(Mueller, 2016). As societies become moremodern people stop believing in religious ideas. They start to pertain to a more individualisticbelief and believe that your fate is always in your own hands. Which then leads to the idea that aperson is responsible for their own failure(Mueller, 2016).
The sociologist Emile Durkheimwrote a book called Suicide that got published in 1867 which is the first book to reveal asociological study that portrayed an in-depth review of a case study in suicide that showed therecan be social causes to suicide. Durkheim developed a sociological theory of suicide in whichsocial integration and moral regulation are responsible for suicides within a population(Mueller,2016). People who are less socially integrated are more at risk to commit suicide.
Remedies Death rates specifically in teen suicide underscores those risk factors that led to teen deathswhich immediately call for mental health professionals to come up with strategies to prevent ADOLESCENT SUICIDE Stephanie Kurian 3these risk factors(Yasien ,2016). Some of the solutions to prevent adolescent suicide has beenfocused on school educational programs, crisis center hotlines, media and limiting access tofirearms. Treatment for adolescent suicide can be effective if the signs of someone wanting tocommit suicide is present. Some of the warning signs to look out for are change in personality,recent loss, change in behavior, sleep patterns, change in eating habits, low self-esteem, hastalked about dying, and hopelessness for the future(Whitlock, 2014).
If there is interventionefforts made for youths at-risk for suicide they can be set up with the mental health services thatcan save their lives. As of right now the most effective suicide prevention programs have mentalhealth professionals and other community health educators equipped with resources todistinguish who is at risk for suicide and who has access to mental health care. A program calledStop a Suicide Today is a school-based suicide prevention program that has gained success indocumenting reduction in self-reported suicide attempts(“American Psychological Association”n.
d.). The program teaches people how to recognize the signs of suicide in family and friendsand encourages others to make a difference in the lives of people they love and care about.
Itbrings in a greater understanding of suicide and mental illness(” American PsychologicalAssociation” n.d.).
It informs that a key step into preventing suicide is to get those into a mentalhealth treatment. Another way to prevent suicide in adolescents is to call the National SuicidePrevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK(“American Psychological Association” n.d.) Theirmission is to give assistance to individuals in a suicidal crisis by connecting them to the closestsuicide prevention and mental health provider simply by calling the number mentionedbefore(“American Psychological Association” n.
d.). These solutions can significantly reduce thepercentage of adolescents committing suicides and save lives of innocent people. Following ADOLESCENT SUICIDE Stephanie Kurian 4Durkheim’s theory these suicide prevention programs can distinguish the type of suicide theindividual is facing.