Research title: The Effect of Fake social media Account (Facebook)towards politic in MalaysiaArticle review of the related to the research study.According to Louw 2010, politics is a decision making process and astruggle to gain access to decision making position and resources that could beused to further one’s own interest. In the journal by Pauline Leong, PoliticalCommunication in Malaysia: A study on the use of new media in politics, how theeffect of the internet played their role in influencing the political strategiesfor any political party in Malaysia.
The evolution of the internet and advancing of the technologies haddevelop more and more of new media, the most common of new media such asYoutube, Spotify an online video streaming and music; social media, such asFriendster, MySpace, Facebook, Twitter and other social media that had sameidea of connecting people by different features. Internet had being a huge successful of an invention for the human.The cyber space may connect us within just in a minute. A study had conductedby several researchers which are: people who intend to spend their time more onthe internet had a major depression in their life.
Depression is a commonhealth issues that impacting human psychology. Factor such as personalitytraits, self-esteem, loneliness and narcissism can be related to creating fakeaccount in any other social media. A study by Rosen, (2013), has tested that,whether Facebook use was associated with personality and mood disorders; but itturn out that the number of friends was negatively associated with dysthymiacause the depression and tend to create other social account to express theirfeeling, thought and other negative or positive word and language as anonymousperson on social media.As being discuss the problematic issues on the use of Facebook maythreats to the physical and well-being of person who actually got too muchattached to the Facebook. According to the social skill model of problematicInternet use, the need for self-presentation which to motivation and maintainthe neither positive nor negative impressions of the self on other people.People who stick to Facebook or any other social media, can best be describedthe media social as an escaped pod for them who have this problematic issues.The sense of belonging perceive self-presentation and social interaction on theinternet as the media social are more controllable and less threatening comparedwith face-to-face interaction with live audiences or person.
In the contrary of political issues in Malaysia, a lot of fakesocial media account being created by anonymous person who tend to spreadnegative or positive impact towards any political parties that they intend to.The development of ICT’s first started by Mohamad Awang-Lah in 1983, anacademic at University of Malaya; which he tried to connect the country to thewhole world at the university laboratory, Rahmah & Becker, (2001). Withintime, Telekom Malaysia took various initiatives to well-develop internetconnection in Malaysia which linking up to four connections, Australia, UnitedStates, Netherlands and Korea.Rapid extension of the internet for a better democracy, Uimonen& Chin (2003); George & Pang (2006); Tan & Zawawi (2008); Steele(2009) had argue that blogs have become the powerful weapons for democracy.Blogging promotes democratisation by enhancing civil liberties and help framingthe discourse in Malaysia buts a clearly an “unstoppable means to empowerindividual and civil society”. According to Smith (2011), social networksprovide not only tools for communicationamong the users, but also functionality for Life Logging.
LifeLogging by means”the collection of data in order to illustrate a person life”. This can be linkto the fake account on media social; which those who intend to put negative orpositive ideologies about political actor or political parties. In a journal ofService Science Research; written by Katharina Krombholz, Dieter Merkl andEdgar Weippl, (2012) the widely use of internet may cause to creation of fakeaccount.The cyber impact towards creation of fake account may stem from thepsychological impact and other researcher had study that those impacts towards politicare related to the election event that happened all around the globe.
In thejournal of economic perspective written by Hunt Allcott and Matthew Gentzkow,title; Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election the election betweenHillary and Trump had become a sensation when there a lot of fake newsspreading in the social media. The most popular fake news stories were morewidely shared n Facebook than the popular mainstream news stories, Silverman,(2016), and the most discussed fake news stories tended to favour Donald Trumpover Hillary Clinton. I July 2012, Facebook is trying to enhance the Facebook ImmuneSystem and strengthening their method of detecting and eliminating fakeprofiles. These fake profile data harvesting and attacks other user privacy.
Regarding to the political factor that happened, previous study that relatedstated that social media as a source of political information. The reason whyit was stated that the advance I technology and the involvement of publictowards the social media, such as Facebook and Twitter.Different people use media social to meets their ends needs and asa consequences of creating fake account towards political in Malaysia, user mayfelt equally motivated, depress or the feeling of acceptance towards thecommunity who reads, shared and give a thumb up to fake social accountthat being created. Furthermore, the effect of fake Facebook account aredepending on the public itself on how the public adapting the fake news, theideas whether it give positive impact or negative impact to the receiver, andhow it effect the political community itself.