Rowman &Littlefield publisher,1997.The Philosophy ofSex: Contemporary Readings.Bibliographies Inclusion, that masturbation is considered a sexual act becausecertain categories it falls under and it’s also illegal and each country and stateshave different laws against masturbation.
The bible also mentions how masturbationis a sin and unnatural, and people should not even think about impure thoughts.Theseare the reasons why masturbation is unnatural, illegal, and a sexual act. That is even mentioned some parts of the Bible,and it is considered a sin. Philosophers follow these rules to make their evaluationif it’s moral or not and why is counted as a sexual act.These rules make iteasier to put certain sexual acts into categories and masturbation is put intoone of those categories and its also considered illegal, unnatural, and asexual act.Masturbation is considered a sexual act, and it considered morallywrong and considered natural.
Masturbation follows under certain categories of beingnatural, it’s not abnormal sexual activity and it doesn’t disrupt the naturalaspects of the sexual activity, the man or women, have a desire for somethingbut, they decide to pleasure themselves or someone. The reason why masturbationis considered sexual is that of people behavior and people are described to actlike animals when people cannot control their bodies. Humans are also known toact out of their impulses they have for their sexual desires that they have.Peoplesemotions also play a major role, because emotions can take over persons mindand body.
It is not considered a perversionbecause of all the rules that the natural laws follow, and it doesn’t fall and thecategories that It says to make it a perversion. also part of a personal behavesas well, and it is a natural feeling. It doesn’t follow any of the rules tobeing unnatural because it is not abnormal.
Philosophers had talked about how certainsexual activities are dangerous masturbation does not fall under that category,for it to unnatural. Masturbation is also considered morally wrong because philosophershad evaluated masturbation and it fell under the criteria that it is morallywrong, but people are trying to figure out what category to put masturbationunder. There are several discussions why it is immoral, and why people havetrouble to categorize it. Also, it can be seen as morally wrong just becausethe type of sexual activity, but this rule doesn’t apply to a married couple,its wrong because the rule follows homosexual males, and this is why masturbationis under the unnatural category because this disrupts the natural aspect of thesexual activity and also considered immoral. This is why masturbation isconsidered unnatural.
Masturbations is consideredillegal there are several laws against the sexual activity and it’s just wrongfor a person to do this. Each law is different in every state and has differentpunishments for committing masturbation, is illegal. Masturbation also goesagainst what the bible says and it is a sin to even think about impure thoughts,and this sexual act is stated in the bible.Bouns The man and woman should always consent, to make the actmoral, legal, and sufficient.
Couples that are married should give consent aswell, and the couple had made an agreement with one another, and alsounderstand with one another. Consent can be given in many different ways verbaland body language. Men and women can also give consent freely, but it’s moralbut not sufficient. There are also dangers to consensual activities, and sometimesthe women are put into situations; that they don’t want to be in.
Consent shouldalways be given, to make it moral. There is always a disagreement on how consent is given andthere also certain situations that people are put in good or bad decisions.Somepeople also get offers or threats if they want a good grade or a raise a work,so the boss or teacher makes them an offer or a threat, so the female can get agood grade and keep and get more money for her job. This will put pressure onthe female to make a decision to keep her job or to make a good grade in theclass, the female will also have to give consent as well. The decisions that thefemale make have to make the act moral and sufficient if she doesn’t consent itwouldn’t be moral and it would be insufficient. In some relationships that asexual act can be consensual but it also can be dangerous.
Some women might consentso she will not be rejected by the man, and she wants to please him.There aremany reasons why the women will consent, she is afraid that the man might leaveher.Some women might consent under pressure from her friends so she doesn’tfeel left out, and her friends will appreciate her, and this can be dangerousfor the woman. The act would be considered moral but not sufficient because thewoman did not consent. If the woman feels like she needs to consent and she doesn’twant to; the women need to tell the man that she doesn’t want to; the act wouldbe moral but not sufficient.The woman should consent because they want to, notbecause they have to.
These situations are good examples for letting the manand woman the dangers of consensual sexual activities. If one did not give consent the outlook will completelychange and if one consents the other one doesn’t, it would be morally wrong; becauseone did not give consent. This can causea problem between with consenting because it can cause legal trouble and manymore problems.
For a person to make sure that consent was given, they severalrules to follow to make sure the act was moral and considered sufficient, theserules need to be followed. If the couple does follow the rules and analyze themto make sure that the consent was present, moral and legal if so then consentwas present; sufficient and necessary. If the rules don’tmake sure consent was not present and then it would not be moral, legal, then it would fall under the categorythat insufficient and not necessary. The most moral way of consent isbetween a married couple. The couple had known each other for a long time, but contentstill needs to be present.
Consent can be presented in a few different waysverbal, and body language. This form of consent is the most sufficient andmoral way to give consent. The married couple understands each other and comesto agree with one another. If the sexual act is considered natural than itsalso considered moral, and then consent has been present for the couple; even thoughif the couple is married.
consent is a big part in a marriage, were the man andwoman can feel comfortable and be respected. Consent can also change thecouples way a looking at the relationship as well. Consent will actually begiven and this means it is legal and sufficient. When a couple is marriedsometimes the husband and wife want to give the significant other what theywant, and the husband and wife feel like have to for the other, because theywant to and this a good for consent to be legal and moral. Two adults can be put into a situation and consent would be freely given at any time and bothadults could have given consent beforeand it would be necessary and not be sufficientfor consent to be present in this situation. Strangers to met a couple hours before at the bar and had a great night and both thecouple could not remember what happen and this can cause a problem withconsent.
This situation would be one and issue with consent becauseeither adult could not consent because both adults were not sober. The adultsmight have given it before and the adults could have just forgotten that theyboth give consent and this is not sufficient way of giving consent. They man or women can go back and make allegations against another person because they cannot remember what happened thenight before.
Therefore, freely givenconsent is not sufficient .adults had to be able to consent, and able to makethe right choices, and to be safe. Theman and the women would not have made the best choice because they could notgive consent. This is dangerous becausethe consent was insufficient and bothpeople could not remember the events that happened the night before. Bothpeople are putting their lives at risk and not being safe, and meeting up withrandom people at the bar.
This situation is notfor people to make the decision to consent and is also insufficient and notmoral.7. During any sexual act or activity, there always need to be consent moral. There areseveral issues that involve consent. There is always the discussionabout consent is sufficient and necessary in a sexual act.
There always need tobe consent between the man and the women before any sexual activity begins. Consent can be any verbalcommunication or body language from either person. The man or the women canalso give consent freely.
The act can be considered moral has several rules tofollow. The rules are is the act natural, and is it legal, and it is alsoconsidered safe. Consent also has to have two adultsthat are able to consent, and the feelingis mutual. There are some dangers to consensus sexual activities as well. Ibelieve Consent must be given before anyactivity begins, and should be sufficient and moral.Group CThere are many reasons why optimism and pessimism aredifferent ways.
They’re both based on different views of philosophers, one focusedon the objectification of a person; and the optimist care about the sexualdesire and impulses that a person has to another person. There are also differentviews whats moral and whats immoral based on the sexual act or activity. Eachgroup can make their own judgments on what they find acceptable to them.Pessimist whats people to feel ashamed of their bodies and optimist are also focusedon having more loving relationships with a man and woman. Both Pessimist andoptimist have their different views and both a different from one another.
Sexual optimist and pessimists both look at judge what acts they findacceptable, and what is good or bad, moral or immoral. Each group has their ownopinion because one group says its bad that a person can control their body.The other group talks about a how people act out on an impulse, and it anatural reaction.
These two groups make a judgment and decided if the act oractivity is moral or not. A metaphysical sexual pessimism thinks people should feelashamed for what the had done. A sexual activity should be just forreproduction, and the only time it is fine is when a man or a woman is married.There is also the loss of power and control and this is bad. Most of the timethe partners will lie and deceive the other person.
The couple is supposed to seduceon another for their pleasure. Sexual pessimists focus on objectifying anobject or a person for their own pleasure in the middle of a sexual act. A personbehavior completely changes when they have a desire for another person. One ofthe partners will lie to get the results that they want when it comes to aparticular thing that they want. Women will dress up and put makeup on toattract a male. Men and women think that they cant be themselves when they goout they want to make themselves more appealing to the other person. It’scommon for men to look at women as a mere object and not a person.Pessimismthinks that a person should have control of their bodies all the time if they cantcontrol their bodies its bad; the person was in the wrong.
It’s not acceptablefor a man and women who cant have complete control of their bodies, thisagainst the pessimism rules and not considered a person if they cant controltheir bodies. One pessimist makes a point that both people are considered a tool, to seekboth of their pleasures during the sexual activity and that’s it with making ahuman an object for one person’s pleasure. When a person is in the moment, itcan be hard to control their bodies and stop, because both people are into eachother and attracted to another as well. When this happens both people are intheir most vulnerable states and can be talked about anything that theirpartners want them to do. A sexual optimism is bringingtwo people together in a sexual way or not.The sexual optimists are how humanscan control their impulses and their desires.
The people base it on judgment onwhat sexual act and activity are good or bad. The optimist also look is thesexual act moral or not. Humans are described as for being animals like whenthey act to their impulses and cannot control themselves.
The optimism alsosays there can be dangers to have sex like the partner can physically harm themselves,can be a connection of bonding, agreements of being moral or immoral. There aremoral reasons, that the husband or wife have to feel obligated to please theirspouse. The act or activity will be considered permissible, or it could also beconsidered wrong and immoral.Sexual optimist also thinks that pleasure canbring happiness, there are certain reasonings that optimist finds whats wrongwith the sexual act or activity and blame it on how people react in thesituation. An optimist also discusses how people objectify objects that areclose to them or people.
There are more successful relationships because couplesare in a deeply committed relationship; have an emotional connection as well.The man and woman both have the job to please and make their partner happy. Thewife and husband will also have the same value and see eye to eye and agree withtheir decision, and it would be moral.2.
Everybodyhas a different view on how sexual acts should be lookedand does everybody think the activity is moral or not. People make their choices on how their body reacts, thisis a normal reaction when one person is attracted to another. When two peoplelove one another they have a desire for each other, and they want to be withthat person. The desire for one another can actually lead to a sexual desire,and this can be a good thing for the couple’s relationship. Also, how humans define what is moral andwhat is not moral, can be questioned.
People will also have their own opinionabout what wrong and right, and judgments about certain acts and activities;and what acceptable. Sexual metaphysics also have to categories that acts and activitiesgo under and they are sexual pessimist and optimists. GroupBThere are certain laws to follow with certain sexualactivities, and it doesn’t matter what the activity is the couple always haveto give consent; if they don’t legal issues can be present in that person’slife. People can be put into a different situation, and where one thing leadsto another and the strangers have consented freely to one another.This form ofconsent Is moral but not sufficient.
There is a married couple that feels likethey have to sleep with there spouse because the wife or husband feels like it’stheir duty. This form of consent is legal and moral.There are some forms ofconsent that is immoral and illegal that rape is one where one person does not giveconsent, this act is illegal and immoral. There is a different way to evaluatea sexual act, and philosopher can use these tool to help them in evaluations,no more can be added.People also have to consider if the sexual act is natural ornot, there are certain rules to follow to consider the act natural or not. Aperversion is considered abnormal sexual fetish that people are into; and howpeople consider what is natural and unnatural. An unnatural is an abnormal sexualdesire that one seeks from another person.
Philosophers also use the tools tohelp them decide what natural and unnatural from their point of view.What makesa sexual act moral is that the two adults have consented before the act or theactivity had started. Sexual pleasure is also considered natural if the couple hasconsented earlier in the night, is considered natural. Homosexuality is consideredunnatural because it’s not considered normal to the rules of the natural laws. Thehuman body and how they behave around other people, and what they consider whatnatural or not. People sometimes just can’t control their bodies and their emotions,and is this natural or unnatural, it depends on what the act is and then it canbe put in the category of being natural or unnatural, and it also the rules andhow God intended humans to be.
There are many reasons why people argue about pragmatic considerationsfor any sexual activities and many rules to follow. People also have to thinkabout all the dangers that come with a sexual relationship, and have to be careful.Howpeople view whats good or whats bad for a sexual act and activities that theyare involved in. people can damage their bodies in certain sexual acts that canbe very dangerous for the man and women.
The couple also has to think if the actionsand activities are moral or nonmoral and the couple will have to make a decision.People are also putting their self at risk for getting a disease, and this actwould be considered nonmoral because of its bad. There are certain activities thatare considered bad and nonmoral because of certain fetishes that people areinto. These acts are considered immoral because they are putting their lives atrisk.Thereis a lot of immoral concepts of many sexual activitiesthat are considered really bad. A spouse cheating on them with another partner,that is considered immoral because is not with that person’s husband or wifeand it just considered bad. Even thinking about immoral activity and is also consideredbad; a person should think inappropriate thoughts.
There are many reasons whycertain activities considered moral or immoral. Philosophers categorize activitiesinto two groups some activities are just absolutely bad compared to other activities.There are certain tools that philosophers use to help them make their decisionon how to categorize certain activities. Philosophers have to decide if thecertain acts and activities are moral not, they have certain tools to help themfigure how to evaluate and put them in the right category that the sexual act belongsin.The sexual pleasure is described as a person would be hungry for food.Philosopherswould ask people if eating is a nonmoral activity that humans do all the timedo all the time. Sexual activities are looked at the same way to figure out ifthe views are moral or not. A sexual act can be pleasurable for both the manand the women, but still can be very wrong; because of circumstance that manand women agreed on.
Like a spouse cheating on their partner, which is verywrong and morally wrong. There are people who are very inexperienced and it’snot considered moral because of the situation they were in. There are certainacts that are not bad at all an so they are put in the moral category becausethey act was considered to be good and not bad. There are several scientificstudies that prove that moral and nonmoral views are very similar and howpeople would consider bad or good. People also have to make their own judgmentand have to figure out on their own what is morally right and what is morallywrong. 1. Everybody has a different view on what moraland what’s not moral, and what is considered natural and legal. Philosophers used different views and evaluate theirhypothesis what they think is moral or immoral.
People think that a moral act is aright way and its legal as well. There are some acts that are consideredhorribly wrong and immoral and this badfor the people to consider it. A marriedcouple that has a sexual relationship isconsidered moral because there is nothingwrong with a married couple having a relationship. There are some types of sexualactivities that are bad and an immoral woman selling their bodies for sexualpleasure is bad and immoral.
Friends with benefits are not morally wrong, it is acceptable and if consent was given byboth people; it is moral.