Section 1: Identification and Evaluation of SourcesQuestion: To what extent did Hitler’s policies lead to World War 2?Source 1: “Great Events: Hitler Comes to Power in Germany”http://web.a.ebscohost.
com/hrc/detail/detail?vid=6=4d2727f0-5b09-4b21-bddc-804ce0b30e7a%40sessionmgr4008=4001=JnNpdGU9aHJjLWxpdmU%3d#db=khh=6346310 Explanation:My source is focused on a chapter in a book, Great Events, about Hitler’s rise to power. It discusses the Third Reich and how Hitler gained enough recognition to be appointed chancellor. It also discusses how Hitler gained enough power to become a dictator of Germany.
This source is relevant to my investigation because it describes Hitler’s reign, policies, and many movements prior to World War II. This source will help me to gain and analyze relevant information to investigate my question. Analysis – OPVCL: The origin of this source is a book titled Great Events, published by Salem Press and edited by Robert F. Gorman. The origin is a limitation because the author may include a bias to influence the opinion and perspective of the reader. The chapter I am specifically using is in Volume 3, 1931-1939, page 319. The purpose of this source is to inform readers of Hitler’s rise to power, as well as his ideologies and policies leading up to World War II.
The purpose of this source is valuable because it was written to inform the readers about Hitler’s policies and his rise to power and includes extensive relevant information centered around my investigation question. The content of this source explains the rise of the Nazi’s through the National Socialist German Worker’s Party. It explains in depth the steps that Hitler took to rise to power, and how he took over Germany through the Nazi regime, as well as how he gained supporters. It explains Hitler’s status before, during, and after World War II. It is useful to learn how Hitler used elections, supporters, and his strict policies to become a powerful dictator of Germany.
However, the content is a limitation of this source because it is an excerpt of a book about these great events in history, there could have been more information for the reader to gain about this subject.Source 2: “Adolf Hitler: Biography”http://www.biography.
com/people/adolf-hitler-9340144#synopsis Explanation:This source is a secondary source; a biography of Adolf Hitler. It explains Hitler’s background and early years, his party leadership, his rise to power, the rise of anti-semitism, and the beginning of World War II and the Holocaust. This source is relevant to my investigation because it discusses Hitler’s policies and rules prior to World War II. This source will help me gain and analyze important information pertaining to my investigation.
Analysis – OPVCL: This source is an online source, a biography of Adolf Hitler from biography.com, the author is unknown. The origin is a limitation because the source does not state who the author is. Although it is a trustworthy, credible website, lacking the author who wrote this article can cause the reader to be untrustworthy of the information presented. The purpose of this source is to inform the readers about the course of Hitler’s life and his rise to power in Germany. The purpose is valuable because it helps the reader to gain knowledge on how Adolf Hitler became a dictator, as well as the strict policies he used to get to his position.
The content of this source discusses how Hitler first came to power, by becoming chancellor and how he gained more power from this point. It explains the rules and policies he created to become a powerful dictator, such as the NSDAP and the creation of the Nazi party. It discusses Hitler’s ideologies and the laws he enforced on the people of Germany. The content is also valuable because it includes relevant information for my investigation.Section 2: InvestigationAdolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany and he gained power throughout his life through the policies and rules he initiated with the power he possessed. Hitler first gained power by being appointed chancellor in 1933 in which he began to spread Nazi ideology.
He proposed the Enabling Act which gave his cabinet full power for a period of four years. In the years to follow, Hitler became head of state and government and had power over Germany. Hitler and the Nazi regime instituted countless laws to exclude and restrict all Jews in society. After World War I ended, Germany agreed to the Treaty of Versailles where they agreed to disarmament and to pay war reparations for the aftermath of World War I.
Germany could not afford to pay the reparations during the 1920’s and the people of Germany were very poor. When Hitler gained power, his goals were to undo the Treaty of Versailles and restore Germany’s standing in the world. Leading up to World War II, Hitler declared a series of policies that contributed to the start of the war.Hitler’s action as a leader drew more towards his hatred of Jews and the want to make the German people the dominant race. He saw that the world needed to be ridded of Jews because they were destroying the German’s pure race. Hitler placed a series of Anti-Semitic laws throughout Germany to restrict and limit the civil, political, and legal rights of Jews. No corner of Germany was left untouched as hundreds of individuals in all levels of government throughout the country were involved in the persecution of Jews. The first wave of legislation in hopes of persecuting the Jews was the “Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service” which was to reduce the rights of Jewish citizens.
As Hitler’s power increased, he continued to limit the rights of Jews. He passed the Nuremberg Laws that stated the exclusion of German Jews from Reich citizenship. Kristallnacht, or the “Night of Broken Glass” refers to the anti-Jewish programs throughout Germany, Austria, and areas of Sudetenland on November 9th and 10th. Nazi’s destroyed and vandalized Jewish homes, schools, and business and killed many Jews. Following Kristallnacht, Nuremberg Laws and other anti-Jewish policies was the Holocaust, or what Hitler referred to as the “Final Solution”. The Holocaust was a mass murder of 6 million European Jews that contributed to the territorial expansion of Nazi Germany and the racial goals of a purely Aryan race.
“He believed that Germany should fight wars for vast tracts of land to enable its people to settle on them, raising large families that would replace casualties and provide soldiers for the next war of expansion. The first would be a small and easy war against Czechoslovakia, to be followed by the really difficult one against France and Britain. A third war would follow against the Soviet Union, which he assumed would be simple and quick and would provide raw materials, especially oil, for the fourth war against the United States.” (The Reader’s Companion to Military History). Hitler had an original plan using his anti-Semitic policies to leads Germany into war to expand territorially and racially.
Hitler’s policies against Jews contributed to the start of World War II because it created conflicts with other countries over Adolf Hitler’s want for a pure race. Hitler began to build his dictatorship in 1933 through the Enabling Act. The Enabling Act allowed Hitler to assume dictatorial powers and issue decrees independently of the Reichstag and the presidency. Hitler had the ability to pass laws even if they went against the German constitution.
The Enabling Act and The Reichstag Fire Decree effectively made the Nazi government a dictatorship. The Reichstag Fire Decree permitted the regime to arrest and incarcerate political opponents without specific charge, dissolve political organizations, and to suppress publications. By July 1933, the Nazi Party was the only remaining legal party in Germany.
Hitler gained a lot of recognition and power through these laws, they began his process to becoming a powerful dictator. With the laws that Hitler passed using the Enabling Act, he took over Germany one step at a time and he expanded his Nazi ideology. Hitler was able to take over presidential power for himself, despite the Enabling Act’s protecting the office of the president from interference. Prior to World War II, Hitler had several foreign policies. He planned to expand east and take over Poland in 1939. German troops invaded Poland, and Britain and France declared war. In 1938, Adolf Hitler annexed the country of Austria and his next step in his plan was to demand the conquest of Czechoslovakia through the Munich Pact.
The Munich Pact was an agreement between British and French prime ministers Neville Chamberlain and Edouard Daladier to avert the outbreak of war but gave Czechoslovakia away to Nazi Germany. Soon after, Hitler annexed Sudetenland and six months later, Germany invaded Poland despite the British and French threats of intervention. Two days later, Chamberlain called for a British declaration of war against Germany, and World War II began.After Germany conquered Poland, he aimed to defeat Britain and France. As tensions expanded, the Nazi Party formed alliances with Japan and Italy in the Tripartite Pact of 1940, and the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact with the Soviet Union. Germany’s expanding military force soon launched a massive blitzkrieg invasion of the Soviet Union.
Between 1939 and 1945, Nazis and their collaborators were responsible for the deaths of at least 1 million noncombatants, including six million Jews, representing two-thirds of the Jewish population in Europe. After brutal fighting, The power of Germany began to fall and Hitler’s party lost power during World War II. Prior to World War II, Hitler had many policies and laws that aided him in becoming a powerful dictator to control Germany. “I speak in the name of the entire German people when I assure the world that we all share the honest wish to eliminate the enmity that brings for more costs than any possible benefits.
It would be a wonderful thing for all of humanity if both peoples would renounce force against each other forever. The German people are ready to make such a pledge” (Adolf Hitler). Hitler’s policies lead to World War II because of the strict laws he made to create a purely Aryan race and the acts he presented to gain the most power that he can as a dictator.