Social and cultural factors are some ofthe many things that influence gender roles throughout society. According to thetext “Marriage and Family” gender roles is defined as the characteristics,attitudes, and behaviors that society expects of males and females (Schwartz128). Gender roles are portrayed in many ways through television shows, movies,song lyrics, and even in family life. As people grow up they learn at an earlyage through others about the way they should act and what they should be doingin life based on their sex. While many people have moved away from thetraditional gender roles, there is still no equal balance between men andwomen’s roles in modern society. First, when growing up every child thinksabout what they want their dream job to be. Many girls go down the path ofbecoming teachers, nurses, or even being a stay at home wife.
While most boysdream about becoming a firefighter, policeman, or becoming a business man. Thesecareer paths are learned through family and social factors based on theirgender stereotype. Gender stereotype is the expectations about how people willlook, act, think, and feel based on their sex (Schwartz 127). Occupation genderstereotypes about men and women are based on the strengths and skills each sexhas to offer to the job (Barth). According to Pauline Lovingood “while genderdistribution in certain jobs is slowly changing, traditional gender roles rundeep in the work force” (Lovingood). Even though today, many men and women havemoved away toward having a career in their gender stereotypical job, both menand women get over looked in the job process because jobs try to pick based onwho they think will be an asset to the company. Many masculine stereotypedcompanies do not want women working for them even though she may have thequalifications the people picking may think a male would be viewed as a bettercandidate. Throughout history men were the ones thatwent off to work and brought in the income, while the mothers worked around thehouse all day.
Not only did the women clean around the house, and cook mealsthey were also responsible for taking care of the children. Even though todaymany women now have jobs, they often get stuck with the responsibility of the”second shift” when they get home. Although times have changed, today “…womenare generally responsible for daily routine tasks such as cooking and laundry,whereas men are more likely to perform infrequent household maintenance chores”(Forste). Back in the day men expected to come home to a clean house and a homecooked meal ready on the table.
While most men would like that, today mengenerally help around the house with chores and cooking a meal for the family. Sincewe are used to the way things are today, it would most likely be strange tolive they way people used to, especially with this ideology of expectationsbetween couples today. Whilegrowing up girls and boys are brought up to have different social behaviors.This is the difference in how girls and boys should act, feel, and expresstheir emotions. Girls are viewed to be gentle, passive, emotional, dependent,patient and communicative, while boys should be tough, independent, powerful,inexpressive and straightforward (Lovingood). When children are young girls andboys have different socialization patterns. Girls tend to keep to themselvesand a few others where they form a close relationship to each other.
On theother hand, boy’s hangout with a large group of others who share similarinterests. Within this group they like to be loud, get into trouble, andestablish hierarchy over the girls (Mazarin).