story, The Devil is presented as Goodman Brown’s dark

story, Goody Cloyse recognizes the
appearance of the Arch-fiend as that of her “old gossip”. When the
resemblance between Brown and the Devil is established, the narrator simply
refers to the latter as “old Goodman Brown” (68). At first glance a
reader with a Christian orientation might take the similarities between the two
characters as deviltry, as the arch-fiend working his wiles and insidiously
taking on the appearance of a Puritan whose soul he is about to steal (Moores
1). But to read the character in such a way is to fail, just as Brown does, to
recognize the projection. Hawthorne is aware of what he was doing. Brown surely
would recognize a figure who remarkable resembled his father and grandfather
and thus himself. There does not seem to be any sign that Brown is in any way reflected
in the Devil. Although it is true that from the Christian perspective one may
argue that he is tricked, but in a Jungian reading, and from Hawthorne’s
perspective, “we as readers must interpret this with some subtlety’ and see the
Devil as Brown’s own projected psychic energies, his own shadow self
externalized and granted sway over him” (Moores 1).   

Hawthorne uses the likes of the
forest, Devil, and Goodman Brown himself to portray the many types of evil that
is associated with the theme in the story. His use of symbols is expert,
subtle, and smart enough to dispose the reader to overlook whatever narrative
deficiencies the reader may be aware of. The Jungian theory presents itself
with two centers of the psyche ego that includes the persona as well as the
conscious awareness. The Devil is presented as Goodman Brown’s dark and evil
side which is filled with doubt and this then makes him believe that evil is
the nature of mankind. Brown is unable to accept the duality of human nature
which is the ability to be good and evil. Brown’s journey into the dark and
evil forest is paralleled by his journey into his own soul which we realize is
dark and twisted. Young Goodman Brown is
primarily known as Hawthorne’s best literary contribution in that his use of
psychologising of spiritual truths once embodied in allegory and the consequent
transformation of the one to one relationships. Hawthorne clearly demonstrates
the use of ambiguous, hidden and complex symbolism throughout the story.    

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