story, Goody Cloyse recognizes theappearance of the Arch-fiend as that of her “old gossip”.
When theresemblance between Brown and the Devil is established, the narrator simplyrefers to the latter as “old Goodman Brown” (68). At first glance areader with a Christian orientation might take the similarities between the twocharacters as deviltry, as the arch-fiend working his wiles and insidiouslytaking on the appearance of a Puritan whose soul he is about to steal (Moores1). But to read the character in such a way is to fail, just as Brown does, torecognize the projection. Hawthorne is aware of what he was doing.
Brown surelywould recognize a figure who remarkable resembled his father and grandfatherand thus himself. There does not seem to be any sign that Brown is in any way reflectedin the Devil. Although it is true that from the Christian perspective one mayargue that he is tricked, but in a Jungian reading, and from Hawthorne’sperspective, “we as readers must interpret this with some subtlety’ and see theDevil as Brown’s own projected psychic energies, his own shadow selfexternalized and granted sway over him” (Moores 1). Hawthorne uses the likes of theforest, Devil, and Goodman Brown himself to portray the many types of evil thatis associated with the theme in the story.
His use of symbols is expert,subtle, and smart enough to dispose the reader to overlook whatever narrativedeficiencies the reader may be aware of. The Jungian theory presents itselfwith two centers of the psyche ego that includes the persona as well as theconscious awareness. The Devil is presented as Goodman Brown’s dark and evilside which is filled with doubt and this then makes him believe that evil isthe nature of mankind. Brown is unable to accept the duality of human naturewhich is the ability to be good and evil. Brown’s journey into the dark andevil forest is paralleled by his journey into his own soul which we realize isdark and twisted.
Young Goodman Brown isprimarily known as Hawthorne’s best literary contribution in that his use ofpsychologising of spiritual truths once embodied in allegory and the consequenttransformation of the one to one relationships. Hawthorne clearly demonstratesthe use of ambiguous, hidden and complex symbolism throughout the story.