?Table of ContentsPrior Knowledge………………………………………………………………………………………….Global Context……………………………………………………………………………………………Piano Piece (About the Composer)………………………………………………………………….Analysis of Piano Piece……………………………………………………………………………..Reflection………………………………………………………………………………………………….Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………………………………..?Prior Knowledge I have been playing the piano for the past five years. I always thought music was hard but as I progressed I didn’t feel the same. My first classical piano piece was “Moonlight Sonata Op.27 no.2” That was the time I understood the value of music and what it actually means. I realized that the music is all about feelings and whether you can connect to the emotions of the piece. Later I realized that I could understand what emotions each piece portrays.A few months later, I moved to the theory of music, which is an important component of the entire music course. I learnt various scales chords and all about the genres of “Western Classical” along with all the different types of tempos. When I learnt these scales I also realized that the Major Scales result in happy songs and the the Minor Scales seem to result in sad songs. However, there are a few exceptions to this. Later I further researched further and found out about the Theory Of Music, which states that music cannot transmit emotions directly, but the emotions are only filled in because of the listeners interpretation of the piece. I tried many classical pieces and tried to understand each chord, Later I understood that the chords and scales are interlinked with the tempo. When the chord is played for a whole note or more and when the interval between each chord is long the song seems sadder than usual. When I played moonlight sonata I realized the same. The Bass Clef is a combination of two similar sharps played for four beats straight. This is when I finally understood what music is all about. Global Context The type of music played and the time the piano piece was composed in is interconnected because music can be called a reflection of our day to day activities and interests. It is a manifestation of all your likes and dislikes. So if a piano composer was born during the Romantic era, the composer would compose entirely different classical pieces compared to a composer in the Middle ages. Most songs during the Romantic were Ballads, Seasons, Waltz and even Nocturnes along with Sonatas. Time changes the way people live. The concertos were conducted differently with different number of movements,larger orchestra and the Violin and the Piano became the main instruments of an orchestra. Piano Piece : Moonlight Sonata Op.27 No.2-BeethovenThis is a Piano Piece created in the Romantic Era this is the Era which revolutionized the way people live and work. This age the piano pieces and other instrumental pieces were composed and this time it pushed the boundaries further by focusing on artistic freedom, breaking old traditional restraints to create music which is filled with emotions “Music that embodies the person’s feelings” – Franz Liszt.This Romantic Era outclassed the Classical Era in style and performance. The Classical Era,had a more traditional form of music alongside neoclassicism throughout other art forms. The classical Era piano pieces which were many based of chords with single,short melodies.In the Classical Era, music was meant for the Noble’s who were generally fluent in the field of music and the musicians were funded by the aristocracy who had biased tastes in music. This age had not factored the “Emotion” part in their Piano Pieces. They thought of Composing Pieces as a technical Exercise. However the romantics were against this idea of playing music without emotions, they felt that the Classical Age composers were composing pieces that were dull and sterile. A Quote of proof for the reason the Romantics were against the composers of the Classical Age. “Music should strike fire from the heart of man, and bring tears from the eyes of woman.”-Ludwig Van Beethoven The Romantics also were against the music was only for the aristocrats, but during the Romantic Era the people, changed the ways concertos were conducted. Edward Elgar, a composer of the Romantic Era said the following, “no segregation of musical tastes”and that the “purpose was to write music that was to be heard”. The old traditions were gradually washed away and the romantics innovated a completely new style of music.After this, many piano pieces started to emerge in this completely new understanding of music.The Piano Piece that I chose is “Moonlight Sonata Op.27 No.2” A well known piano piece across the world. This piano Piece is undoubtedly the most emotional song I could connect to at my level of understanding of music.Ludwig Van Beethoven, who was a German Pianist and Composer, during the transition of between the Classical Era to the Romantic Era (In Western Music). He is best known for his,Nine Symphonies 1 Violin ConcertoSixteen String QuartetsThirty Two Piano SonatasThe Missa Solemnis One Opera FidelioHe was born in Bonn, a City in Germany.He portrayed his talent in the field of music at a young age. He obtained his musical talent from his father, Johann Van Beethoven who was a composer and a conductor. At the age of twenty one he moved to Vienna where we learnt composition with Joseph Haydn and later gained the reputation of a “Virtuoso Pianist” He lived in Vienna until he died. However around the age of twenty one,his hearing started to deteriorate and over the last decade of his life he was dead.However,it is said that most of his piano pieces were composed during the last decade of his life. In 1811 he gave up on conducting and played for people in the public. Also, he still continued composing piano pieces. Also, he set out to get master the art of “counterpoints”.He also studied the art of playing the violin as that was another major instrument during the Romantic Period under Ignaz Schuppanzigh.As far as his musical development in concerned, Beethoven composed his first “Six” string quartets during the the 1700-1800’s. These Six String Quartets were dedicated to Prince Lobkowitz and was published in the 1801. With the primary 1st and the 2nd Symphonies composed in 1801-1803 he was considered one of the most reputed pianists in the “Young Generation” composers. He continued to compose other piano pieces such as Pathetiqué sonata Op.13.This piano piece is said to have “Surpassed” any of his other piano pieces in terms of emotions and harmony.He also finished his “Septet” Op.20 in 1799 and was one of his most famous compositions during his time period. In 1800, he hired the Burgtheater to perform his First Symphony, Septet Op.21 and compositions from Haydn and Mozart along with one of his Concertos.Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung, called this “The most Interesting concert in a long time” .It can be said that, Mozart and Haydn were inarguably one of the largest influences on Beethoven’s work. However Beethoven’s piano different tones, emotion,style of music,melodies and even music development set him apart from his influences.In may 1799 Beethoven taught piano to the daughters of Hungarian Countess Anna Brunsvik. During this time he fell in love with one of the daughters named Josephine.However that did not happen because of other reasons. He also had a few other students, who he tutored. A few under his teaching were,Carl Czerny Ferdinand RiesCarl Czerny, later wrote “Beethoven Remembered”. Later Carl Czerny went on to become a world renowned pianist and taught Franz List.Beethoven’s composition between 1800-1802 were dominated by two large Orchestral pieces.Needless to mention, he still continued to compose other classical piano pieces such as, Sonata quasi una fantasia or commonly known as “Moonlight Sonata”.In 1801, he composed “The Creatures of Prometheus” a ballet. The Piano piece was played multiple times during 1801 and 1802.In the spring of 1802 he composed his Second Symphony. The most important part of Beethoven’s Life is the loss of hearing. This changed many things in his musical life, but it never shattered his immense interest of music and its constituents. Around 1801, Beethoven started to lose his hearing capability, because of “Roaring” sound in his ears. He was said to suffer with “Tinnitus”.However, as mentioned previously most of Beethoven’s famous piano compositions came during the time he was partially deaf. During this time he composed, the last five piano sonatas, including the famous Hammerklavier, The last Five string quartets,The Ruins of Athens, Overture and incidental music,The Diabelli Variations for piano,The Missa Solemnis and Symphony Nº 9. He died at the age of 44 and was completely deaf. Analysis of Moonlight Sonata Piano PieceWhat is a Minor Scale?Minor Scales are Heptatonic Scales, and its Tonic,Supertonic and Mediant form a Minor Triad. It is seven note scale as mentioned above. The Mediant note is three semitones from the tonic note. Every Scale has a Perfect Fifth which is 5 which is seven semitones above the first.A C# minor Scale is Minor scale as its name suggests. It is a combination of C#,D#,G#,F#. Its relative scale is the E Major scale and Its parallel Major is C# Major. These scales share similarities in Black Keys. Since this is a minor scale, it can be used to compose soulful pieces which are rather slow in tempo. In the C# Harmonic Minor, the B will be raised to a B# (Enharmonic C natural) or commonly known as C key. The parallel major C# major is generally replaced with D-flat major. As C# major has seven sharps which is not normally used. Dynamics:It should be noted that the first measure, has PP written. This is understand that the piece should be played softly. Also it stands for Pianissimo, which means “Very Soft”.A pattern can be noted with the Number of P’s and the Dynamics. More the number of P’s the softer the piece. In the 18th Bar it can be noted that there are diminuendo and crescendo which are triangle looking. These are the show the loudness or softness of the piano piece only in that particular bar.Sustain Pedal, Sustains the piano notes for a longer time period.This is especially important to master because it adds to the soulfulness of the piano piece. As mentioned before the longer the time the notes are played the piano piece sounds more soulful. In the opening of the piano piece, Beethoven wrote the following, “Si deve suonare tutto questo pezzo delicatissimamente e senza sordino” which is written in Italian. When translated into English, it states that “You need to play this piano Piece very softly without dampers). However on today’s piano’s you can accomplish the same with the sustain pedal. However the sustain pedal need to be changed when the harmony changes. The entire first movement is played in Pianissimo and does go any louder than Mezzo-forte (Moderately Loud). If the piece is played without the use of Damper Pedals as Beethoven recommends, it makes the song more dream-like.Chords:Most of the C# major chords are used in the piano piece. The Bass Clef technically uses variations of the piano chords. Since this piece is written in a minor key, there are Neapolitan Chords in the 49-51 bar in the Sonata.For starters, the first half bar consists of the G# dominant seventh chord and it is in its first inversion.The second bar consists of the C# minor Triad and the First half of bar 50 consists of a Neapolitan 6th chord in C# minor. The second half of the 50th bar consists of a G# dominant chord with a missing fifth.In the first part of the 51st bar there is a C# minor chord. The Heart of Moonlight Sonata:The Heart of Moonlight Sonata is the Ostinato Triplet.It is called the Ostinato Triplet because of the numerous triplets “Accompanying” the melody.The Accompanying Triplets add to the “Haunting” nature of the piano piece. The Sonata is played on a 4/4 time signature and continues to proceed at a slow pace. Adding to the Fantasies as is Name suggests. The song consists of three movements namely, Adagio Sostenuto,Allegretto and Presto Agitato.However the most known is the 1st movement Adagio Sostenuto. The Piano piece starts of with the Ostinato Triplet which is prominent throughout the entire First Movement. The repetition of these triplet is extremely effective in conveying the haunting nature and the emotional agony that develops in the sonata.
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