“The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments were put into the Constitution to give equality to African Americans.”(Reconstruction Amendments, n.d.) Each Amendment came after each other for different reasons: 13th Amendment was made to abolish slavery, 14th Amendment stated that everyone born in the United States is a U.S citizen, and no one can be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due of process, and equal rights to all people, and the 15th Amendment prevents the denial of a citizen’s vote by race, color, or slavery. The amendments took place during Reconstruction(1866-1877). “This occurred after the North defeated the South in the Civil War to bring the country back together.”(Reconstruction (1866-1877), n.d.) There was debate about how much should the South be punished for leaving the North. The Reconstruction Amendments were there to fix the issue. The Reconstruction Amendments are the most important amendments because they are there to fix the problems involving the North and the South, give equal rights to African Americans, and has a lot to offer in terms of rights. “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”(US Const. amend. XIII, sec. 1) The 13th Amendment formally abolished slavery in the United States on December 6, 1865. The Amendment said that slavery or involuntary servitude was illegal unless it was a punishment for a crime. In the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation, Abraham Lincoln put how that if people are slaves in a state, they can be in rebellion, and they will be be free. However, Abraham Lincoln knew that it wasn’t going to abolish slavery as a whole, and it needed to be in the Constitution. It took about a long year for the 13th Amendment to be ratified into the Constitution. But did slavery completely end? It did help calm down and make slavery less severe, but it isn’t completely abolished According to the Huffington Post, NYDailyNews, US Today, and others, slavery still goes on because of “except as a punishment for crime”. “Instead of the ordinary slavery on plantations, it has moved to prisons.”(Angel F. Chan, 2015) People in prison are forced to work in jail for little pay where most profit goes to companies like Target and Revlon. This happened on purpose as the South had taken advantage of the 13th Amendment during Reconstruction. Blacks were arrested for minor crimes such as unemployment to get them into the prisons where they could force them to work. Nowadays, Africans are mostly in prison for drug crimes. Even though they do the same amount of crimes as Whites do, Blacks are 20 to 50 percent more likely to get arrested. “Furthermore, prison slavery is about about a $2 billion industry with about 900,000 prisoners.”(Shaun King, 2016) Many authors delved into the subject. Douglas Blackmon’s Pulitzer Prize Winning book in 2008, Slavery by Another Name, discussed about how companies right after the ratification of the 13th Amendment criminalized Blacks for profit. In 1990, Ali-Bey made a conspiracy about how slavery is still legal in prisons. People laughed at him, but he had a point. Prisons have had a massive explosion in prisoners, and the confinement to them was an rich industry to the private and publicly traded companies. In 2000, Kin Gilmore wrote an essay, “Slavery and Prisons – Understanding the Connections,” which tells a tale of the history of African Americans and their conditions in imprisonment. However, people started to go on strike and protest due to the cruel conditions. Immigrants have also come to help the cause as hundreds of the thousands of them get stuck in immigration detention systems even though the 13th Amendment never allowed slavery for immigration violations.”All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” (US Const. amend. XIV, sec. 1) On July 28, 1868, the 14th Amendment was ratified into the Constitution. The 14th Amendment is basically stating that Blacks can no longer be restricted from being a U.S. citizen or state citizenship. Prior to the to the ratification of the amendment, citizens to the states were automatically considered. The 1857 Dred Scott v. Sandford decision made any Africans descent could not be American citizens. “The 14th Amendment was an improvement to the Civil Rights Act.”(Edward Erler, n.d) The Civil Rights Act is much like the Emancipation Proclamation and the 13th Amendment. One of the most important part of the 14th Amendment and the Reconstruction Acts is that no state has the right to deprive a person of life, liberty, or property, and everyone is to have equal protection of law. The Supreme Court uses this part of the Amendment to give rights to things not listed in the Constitution like the right of privacy. In the Roe v. Wade court case in 1973, it was concluded that the right of privacy included the right for a women to have an abortion. Furthermore, the 14th Amendment makes everyone have the same equal protection of law. This part of the amendment does not allow people to discriminate others for no good reason. For states that have had a wrong history behind it have to go through more hardships in order to justify the reasons behind discrimination. However, states still have the right to make “rational basis” for choices that have a good reason. This little part of the amendment changes everything. “On May 18, 1896, the Supreme Court made a decision of the
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