The author communicates his view of democracy effectively throughout his text. He uses literature as a vehicle for political and social criticism. V for Vendetta tells of a future Britain under the heel of a dictatorship. In his graphic novel, the main character, V, destroys the Norsefire regime because he is against its various policies. Despite his excessive use of force, the reader desires V’s ultimate goals (returning his world to a state of more democratized freedom) and therefore sympathizes with his plight. Accordingly, we can assume the author’s beliefs are being shared with the reader through V. His actions seem justified because it all works toward a positive human benefit. Alan Moore shows a nightmarish dystopian society, he is telling the readers what they should value and preserve by using counter examples. Therefore, the novel serves as a warning.The author presents a model of social change in a highly repressive society; people are continuously being watched by a very powerful government.V for Vendetta refers to many historical events, including: the Cold War, the conservative values of the Reagan/Thatcher era, and the Guy Fawkes Gunpowder Plot.The Cold War was still escalating, when Moore was writing V for Vendetta. The population was terrified that a nuclear war would result from the race between the United States and the U.S.S.R. V for Vendetta is based on the idea that this war has occurred: Russia, the US and Africa have all been destroyed.During the rise of conservatism in the 1980s, the American President Ronald Reagan and the English Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher were universally criticized for their insensitivity to demographic groups who “oppose traditional moral values”. The Norsefire regime is highly conservative, homophobic, and racist. They were inspired from the Reagan/Thatcher era.And, finally, inspired by Guy Fawkes, V bases his appearance and expression around the event and its era. Beneath his mask, he ceases to become a person but a manifestation of a concept, a symbol of protest against government tyranny. V For Vendetta explores man as the embodiment of an idea. Moore suggests that, to be V is to put aside one’s personal motives altogether and embody the ideals of anarchy. Many questions are raised: Can violence be a moral avenue under certain circumstances? Which circumstances? Who judges and defines them?V for Vendetta’s main theme is how anarchy promotes freedom. The plot of the graphic novel reflects Alan Moore’s commitment to freedom. Therefore, from Moore’s description of V (an anarchist who believes that governmental authority infringes on human freedom), the reader realizes that he believes that anarchy is the key to freedom. The graphic novel protagonist is an anarchist freedom fighter that uses elaborate terrorist acts in attempts of igniting a revolution. V’s motivation is driven by the terrors of his past, during which he was imprisoned and tortured by those he fights against. His freedom has been deprived. Risen under a new persona, the target of his terror is limited to those who operate through their own type of terror. V wants to force socio-political change in a dystopian society. The focus of his terroristic activity is the population’s freedom and the overthrow of the government. In the author’s world, the government has chosen to operate with its own form of terrorism which only benefits them. It’s clear from the beginning of the graphic novel that the Norsefire government is responsible for the restriction of human freedom: they forbid people from proper education, put them in jail because of their sexual orientation or skin color, and even their radio broadcasting system is called the “Voice of Fate”; after all, Fate is the antonym of freedom. It is shown what can happen when society is ruled by the government, rather than the government being run as a voice of the people. Alan Moore demonstrates that such things are prone to happening if the leaders stop listening to their people.Over the course of V for Vendetta, it becomes progressively clear that Moore favors the model that suggests that freedom involves freeing oneself from ignorance, weakness, and isn’t just a matter of doing what you want. In order to reach this level of freedom, one needs education, discipline and hard work. According to Moore’s graphic novel, people don’t just need to free themselves from the prisons of their governments, but they also need to free themselves from the prisons of their own minds. This explains why V tortures Evey for weeks; he wants to free her from the weakness of her own desire for happiness.London is still in a state of chaos, at the end of V for Vendetta. Moore suggests that without education and training, freedom is only violence and anarchy. This raises many questions that Moore doesn’t answer, leaving the readers free to make up their own minds.Since the beginning of V for Vendetta, Alan Moore shows the readers the enormous power that symbols have over society. For instance, V’s Guy Fawkes mask is the only face he shows, and the “V” symbols he draws almost wherever he goes makes it easy for the rest of the population to follow his lead, as the symbol V is an easy symbol to recreate. The Houses of Parliament are the government’s symbols of strength and power, which is the reason V blows them up. V for Vendetta is based around a fight between two sets of symbols: the austere Fascist symbols of the Norsefire government, and the anarchic anonymous symbols of V.V undermines the Norsefire governments by attacking its symbols. The English population begins to notice that the Norsefire government is a flawed government. The beauty and strength of V’s symbols lie in their anonymity. This means that each citizen is a potential threat to the Norsefire government’s authority. The symbols used by V are simple, reproducible and anonymous, and they undermine the power and influence of the regime. Although V dies, he passes on his home, his education, and his set of symbols to Evey. Passed from one person to the next, these symbols are indestructible. In the end, Moore’s meditations on revenge and vendetta are crucial to V for Vendetta because they define the difference between the graphic novel’s protagonists (Evey and V) and its antagonists (the Norsefire government). The Norsefire government use their power and authority to achieve their own interests and desires, however, Evey and V use their power, education and training to deny their interests and personalities. To change the country’s regime is to set aside oneself and embrace the universal ideal of freedom.
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