The by American critics as a belittling term used

The definition of the word genre
means a style or category of film. It is the grouping of films that tend to share
similar themes, iconography, character plots and other factors. A genre
convention is a set of defined rules that help an audience distinguish one
genre from another, focusing in particular on what is typical and accepted
within a specific genre of film. The reason genre conventions are significant  is that it gives an audience an underlying expectation
that help to condition a response to a particular film and the familiarity of a
genre film promises each spectator to be able to anticipate what will happen. They
focus on the agreed expectations that have already been established within a
specific genre.

             The
Western genre has always been one of the most leading genres of the American
film industry. In essence, a Western film involves the American frontier typically
set in the late 19th century commonly featuring characters such as
cowboys, out-laws, Native Americans as well as settlers in the region. According
to the American Film Institute, a Western film is a genre of films set in the
American West that embodies the spirit, struggle and the demise of the new
frontier².  

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             Sergio
Leone’s ‘Once Upon A Time In The West’ is widely known as one of the most successful
Spaghetti-westerns ever made. Because of the success Sergio Leone’s filmmaking
style had gained him, the term Spaghetti-western was created, coined mainly by
American critics as a belittling term used to describe a sub-genre of Western
films. These were mostly directed and produced by Italians and many foreign
critics strongly believed these were inferior to American Westerns. Despite the
Western film being one of the most prominent and ominous genres within
Hollywood, by the 1950s the industry was producing fewer Western films than
ever before. The rise of popularity and interest in television within America was
the cause of this, ultimately resulting in an influx of Westerns being produced
for the small screen. Overseas however, where television was not catching on so
quickly, the demand for Western films never dwindled.