The conflict between Great Britain and her North American colonies was rooted in economics, and political and social controversies and differences. It wasn’t just one problem thatlead to the rebellion of the colonists many dilemma’s contributed to the colonists’ anger, around the 1750s Britain’s North American colonies started growing, along with her economic stability. The relationship between Britain and its colonies were tense because they felt that the British were too controlling and were displeased with the rules of British Mercantilism. Great Britain also felt like adding more and more Acts for her colonies to follow which made them angry and the American colonies felt like there liberty and freedom was being taken away from them. Britain and her North American colonies economic differences had much more of an influence over their political and social controversies. One of the first economic issues caused by Britain was because of the Seven Years War. The French and Indian war was a great provider to Great Britain because of the taxes that they input on their colonies but it also provided enormous disputes in her colonies. British leaders also felt the need to tighten control over their empire. Acts that regulated imperial trade and navigation had been implemented for generations, but American colonists were infamous for avoiding these regulations. They were even known to have traded with the French during the recently ended war. From the British point of view, it was only right that American colonists should pay their share of the costs for their own defense. The Parliament decided to enact the Sugar Act so that the colonists were required to pay a tax of six pence per gallon on the importation of foreign molasses. This caused an uproar with the colonies so the Congress decided to enact the Declaration of Colonial Rights and Grievances. “8. That they have a right peaceably to assemble, consider their grievances, and petition the king; and that all prosecutors, prohibitory proclamations and commitments for the same are illegal.” (Doc.6) This document basically stated that the colonies have the right to assemble together but in a peaceful manner. Great Britain needed money to pay for their war debts, the king and the parliament believed they had the right to tax its colonies which led to another economic issue. The British Parliament decided to enact the Stamp Act which required all American colonists to pay a tax for every paper they used, the colonists were furious because they believed the only people that should tax them should be their own legislature not the British. American colonists decided to petition and protest to resolve this issue. The congress decided to petition the parliament and the king and issued the Stamp Act Resolutions in 1765. “IX. That the duties imposed by several late Acts of Parliament, from the peculiar circumstances of these colonies, will be extremely burthensome and grievous; and from the scarcity of specie, the payment of them absolutely impracticable.” (Doc. 2) This document was expressing how the colonies will not accept the Acts that are imposed unto them and how troublesome they can be. Chancellor Charles Townshend decided to enact the Townshend Revenue Act which imposed taxes on glass, lead, paint paper and tea imported into the colonies. The colonists felt that the Parliament shouldn’t have to tax them for the purpose of the revenue. John Dickinson who wrote letters as his pen name of American Farmer stated “Here then, my dear country men ROUSE yourselves, and behold the ruin hanging over your heads. If you ONCE admit, that Great-Britain may lay duties upon her exportations to us, for the purpose of levying money on us only, she then will have nothing to do, but to lay those duties on the articles which she prohibits us to manufacture- and the tragedy of American liberty is finished. . . . If Great-Britain can order us to come to her for necessaries we want, and can order us to pay what taxes she pleases before we take them away, or when we land them here, we are as abject slaves as France and Poland…” (Doc.4) Dickinson was expressing how Britain is treating them as slaves and taking away their liberty and their economic finances. The economic differences between Britain and the American colonies had led to many angry colonists. The Seven Years War supported the many decisions the Parliament decided to put upon its colonies like the Sugar Act and the Stamp Acts which they used for their own benefits to pay their debts from the war, which led to the American Revolution. The colonies felt like their freedom was being taken away so they decided to take action which even led them to ally with France and other countries and on July 4, 1776 the colonies declared themselves independent from Great Britain. The colonies found a new nation, The United States of America.
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