The Great Game is an acronym that was put

The Great Game is an acronym that
was put forward in the 19th century popularized by
Rudyard Kipling in his 1901 novel Kim. The purpose was to explain the conflict
between the British and Russian Empires over Afghanistan that prolonged to bordering
countries in Central and Southern Asia1.
It included persistent tenses relations of Russia and Britain while playing on
the Central Asian chessboard; number of conflicts emerged. A precise insight of
the new great game would differentiate it from the older great game as it
features number of players, the complexity and opportunity and the
multi-dimensionality of their relations. The location of Central Asia had been
the epicenter of 19th century imperial conflict between British Empire and Soviet
Union in past.  It has been the
chessboard of imperial opposition that used to exist between British and
Russian empires created by their imperialist polices. So there used to be tough
struggle for power between British and Tsarist Russia in order to have an
influence Central Asia due to its location at crossroads of ancient
civilizations (Indus and Oxus) and silk route. The importance of Central Asia didn’t
reduce even in the New Great Game; however its dimension was altered. The
breakup of Soviet Union totally transformed the geopolitical certainties in the
region and in the global politics as the new five Central Asian states;
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan were born out
of Soviet. However, Central Asia clearly has developed itself and will gradually
emerge as a key global geopolitical ground. Many analysts believe that the
Great Game has returned but this time with new players. Central Asia as per geopolitical
philosophy of Mackinder is the Heartland of the global politics.2
The Great Game has reemerged under the preface of New Great Game with new ideas,
new methods, new players and new tactics led by contradictory objectives and goals.
Post-Soviet changes are influenced by a range of national and global aspects. Latest
geopolitical studies that mainly emphasize on Central Asia echo such notions
that existed long before the formation of the USSR. The competitive situation
in Central Asia is fashioned mainly by two larger dynamics that occasionally join,
interconnect, congregate, or collide. One of the aspect that Central Asia is a
chessboard is shaped by outsiders as Central Asia is a cauldron of large actors
that involves not only China and India but also the United States, the Gulf States,
Turkey, and to some level, Europe. Russia’s strategic benefits in the region still
exist and they have increased as the existence of other entities has become
more distinct. Central Asia perhaps stands on the edge of insightful strategic fluctuation
in the decade to come. Though is unknown that how these changes would affect
the region in future. Most spectators of Central Asia usually claim that the
region’s stability is risky.  Conventional
security glitches engrained in border tussles, race over water and mineral
resources, universal areas and ethnic subgroups, generate possibility of
conflict in the region and are considered as existential dangers by the
majority of the indigenous inhabitants.

1 (Jean

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