The study of economics is a vast field of knowledge, that is why i am focusing on a smaller part of the umbrella term and looking specifically into Socio Economics. Socio economics is the study of social advances in society and how the economy is shaped by this progress or reform. The research i am conducting is on the affects a person’s socioeconomic status (SES) has on their health and success in their adult lives. Many people acknowledge the disadvantages of living in a lower SES household, however they still fail to realize the effects it can have on a person’s health and overall outcome of their lives. Often times lower SES households have no access to affordable health care or to health care at all. There have even been cases reported when families had to drive over an hour just to take their wives to a hospital while in labor. Stories like these inspired me to investigate topic in attempts to bring more attention and awareness to the lowering life expectancy and lack of opportunity for children in these circumstances. The socio economic status (ses) a person holds in society greatly influences how their lives turn out. Socio economic status plays a significant role in the determination of one’s health, financial outcomes, and of course education. Many people understand the impact SES has on available higher education, but have yet to realize how influential it is on a person’s life long term. Contrary to popular belief, SES affects a lot more than a person’s chance for higher education. Before reading this it is important to understand that the effect SES has in someone’s life can be different. for example people at a disadvantage would be less likely to exercise as much, be able to afford eating healthily due to location, go for walks in their neighborhoods for safety reasons, and be active in the community.HealthWhen a person is at an economic disadvantage it is harder for them to access quality clinical care. The United States is one of the leading countries when it comes to available healthcare. If this is fact, then why is the US not even close to being the world’s healthiest country? Many factors go into understanding a person’s overall health. Factors like Diet and exercise, community and safety, employment and many others. To help increase the population’s overall health, public policies and health policies have been put into place in efforts to make healthcare available and affordable. However, instead of helping, it made it to where only a portion of the population can afford care while the other portion can not. This allowed the subsection to be slightly healthier instead of providing and maximizing a better plan for everyone. An example of one of these policies in action is paid sick leave. When it comes to taking sick days majority of employees don’t receive paid sick days. For full time employees working lower wage jobs, those days are detrimental and they can’t afford to miss work. However, paid leave is not available to them and when it is they received the money an ridiculous amount of days afterward. Studies show that when workers are guaranteed paid sicks days the spread of illnesses are less likely to occur keeping a healthy and safe workplace. Also If guaranteed paid sick days were implemented then it would no doubt reduce unnecessary emergency room visits, help people get proper care, and allow workers to regularly visit their doctors to stay healthy and reduce the risk if being sick in the first place.Social Influence for/determinants in Health In our society a person without as many protections surrounding them such as being white, well educated and financially stable has a better chance at good health and will have fewer health risks to worry about. However, if you are non-white, moderate education, and not at such great financial status you have a less likely chance for good health and have many more risk factors stacked against you. Along with poor health, the lifespan for a person with a lower economic standing could be shorter as well.Studies show that early schooling is very beneficial for children universally. Families from higher income families are more likely to enroll their children in preschool than lower income families. Attending these schools have great long term effects on students. These schools help children develop stronger cognitive abilities earlier and introduce a strong influence on learning early in life. Stress and healthEveryone has some amount of stress. Whether your stress comes from work, picking out what to wear, or what to do for the science fair, everyone has some. Stress is a normal experience throughout life. However experiencing too much stress frequently can be bad for your health. When you come from lower income and SES it can sometimes be hard to find or maintain a job and this causes additional stress. The fear of job loss has a significant impact not just physical but mental health especially. Work related stress has been related to cardiovascular diseases, back problems, and even puts people at risk for hypertension and diabetes. In men especially the workplace has been recorded to increase blood pressure and leave then at risk of heart attacks. Work stress has also been linked to depression and sleep deprivation. For people who work and maintain families it is important for them to be able to receive the critical support needed, such as childcare. It has been suggested that people who share the weight of multiple roles and responsibilities are more at risk of added stress because of trying maintain balance between the two. When a family has a member who is mentally challenged, things can be a bit more stressful still. Having time and opportunity to work and still afford and care for their child is difficult without the proper workplace support. Paradigms and social involvementA person’s social health is influenced strongly by socioeconomic status and the physical environment around them while growing up. Throughout life you develop a way of thinking and opinions about things and how the world works. You have a unique way of viewing societal norms and expectancies. These views and paradigms are shaped by the society around you and depending on whether or not you are exposed to a single or varying levels of society, it will affect your paradigms. Often times coming from a lower SES family hinders people from seeing the world and their resources are less reliable, for instance a person with a higher socioeconomic status could afford to travel and develop opinions themselves. However, the people on the lower end would end up developing opinions of based off word of mouth, the internet, and Tv where information can easily be misconstrued. Behavior and SESWhen analyzing an individual’s behavior related to SES, it is found that the neighborhood has the largest effect on people. The natural urge to fit in to one’s surroundings and adapt make surroundings very influential. It’s simple really, what goes on in your community always makes its way inside the household. Living in a better community with safe surroundings promotes calm and more collected behavior because that it what’s being experienced around. Living in a safer neighborhood helps children develop more outgoing and social characteristics that can be beneficial in the long run. When making decisions, skills you pick up like learning, reason, and deliberation are important to good decision making. Most studies in this area have been completed with early school aged children and they were tested in areas such as academic achievement and general knowledge/smarts. Kids from lower SES households presented less satisfactory results than those from higher SES homes proving then correlation. It’s been proven that there is a link between SES and the verbal intelligence and nonverbal intelligence developed throughout a person’s life male and female (et al., 2010; von Stumm, 2012), (von Stumm et al., 2013; von Stumm and Plomin, 2015), (Flensborg-Madsen and Mortensen, 2014). In the years of middle school similar results were found displaying positive correlation with the skill of reasoning with SES. SES is not just relevant to conscious decisions but subconscious ones that fall into how one acts normally. There are a couple general patterns behavior seems to fall into but let’s examine the risk-taker. Risk takers are not only like to be risky with their money, but they are more likely to push social boundaries at school or work, and also push health risks. Kids from lower SES are more likely to take risk and make poor decisions based on what they’ve witnessed and their upbringing of what to expect from society as consequences. It’s no solace that with these barriers stigmas have been attached to people of lower income. Where people assume because you’re less financially stable you must be less intelligent as well. Educational attainmentGraduation ratesEnrollment for lower SES families into higher education establishments and colleges are up 31% (Institute for Education Sciences, 2013), since 1975 and has since decreased the statistical gap between higher and lower SES families. However, the graduation rate is another gap that needs to be filled. While the enrollment for lower SES students is up, the graduation rate is not. Due to lack of funding and environmental stressors it becomes increasingly harder for student of such backgrounds to proceed and be as successful as student residing from higher SES families. This success with higher education also can also be correlated to properly funded schools. Students from lower SES households normally attend public schools, which are majority equipped with old materials and lack proper funding. Due to these issues it isn’t a surprise that these students are Ill equipped and less ready for the rigorous workload.
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