The Daffodils by
The daffodils is a poem written by William Wordsworth
during the Romantic period. The poem consists out of 4 stanzas with 6 lines
each. There is a constant quatrain-couplet rhyme scheme throughout the poem:
ABABCC. Each line is metered in iambic tetrameter. The plot
is very simple: a man walking by the flowers. There is simile to be found in
lines 1 and 7. There is also a form of repetition to be found: “Dance” is
repeated in every stanza. In the first stanza we find “Golden daffodils”. We
tend to think of daffodils as “yellow,” but the writer uses the more
majestic-sounding adjective “golden.” This is a way to express how
magnificent he finds the view. In the last line of this stanza we can find a
personification: Daffodils cannot flutter nor dance. In the second stanza the
beauty of these daffodils is even more expressed. There is more personification
in the last line of this stanza. The third stanza expresses the happiness that
the writer experiences looking at the daffodils. They simply make him feel
happy. “I gazed and gazed” is an example of repetition and is used to emphasize.
In the final stanza we can read how this memory of the daffodils makes the
writer happy whenever he feels sad. He just closes his eyes and recalls the
magnificent view of the golden daffodils. “Inward eye” is metaphor memory.
Egypt Egypt by Percy Bysshe Shelley
This sonnet was also written during the Romantics. It was
written by Percy Bysshe Shelley. “Ozymandias” is a sonnet, a fourteen-line poem
metered in iambic pentameter following a ABABACDCEDEFEF rhyme scheme. Although
we call it a sonnet, it is a unique kind of sonnet. Although it is neither a
Petrarchan sonnet nor a Shakespearean sonnet, the rhyming scheme and style
resemble a Petrarchan sonnet more, particularly with its 8-6 structure rather
than 4-4-4-2. The plot of this poem is quite simple. The poem is about an
unknown first-person that meets a traveler that had been to “an antique land”.
The traveler tells him/her about some sort of statue in the middle of a desert,
according to the title a statue of “Ozymandias” (Pharaoh Rameses
II (reigned 1279-1213 BCE). According to the Oxford English Dictionary,
the statue was once 57 feet tall). The intention of the poem is to show
that mighty man only have so much power and reach. In the time of this king, he
was very powerful and known but a few thousand years later his statue is damaged,
covered in sand, his whole kingdom is gone and no one knows about him. This is
clearly a well-used form of irony. In the fourth and fifth line we can find some
personification. “Sneer of cold command” is an example of alliteration. “The
hand that mocked them” is an example of synecdoche.
She walks in beauty George Gordon, Lord
“She walks in
beauty” is a poem that consists of 3 stanzas of 6 lines each following a ABABAB
rhyme scheme and regular rhythm: iambic tetrameter. The poem concentrates on
the value of inner and outer beauty. The first stanza describes this aura of Beauty.
Generally when people think about beauty they associate this with light colors.
“She walks in beauty, like the night” is thus very contradicting, but
because it describes the aura around this lady, the beauty of the lady herself
is emphasized. The “Like” in the first line is simile. “Of cloudless climes and starry skies” is an example of alliteration. In the last line of the second stanza “How” is
a form of repetition. Byron incorporates personification in the sixth line, “Which
heaven to graudy day denies”, by giving heaven human qualities or emotions. Enjambment
appears after every two lines as “And all that’s best of dark and
bright / Meet in her aspect and her eyes”.
To autumn by John Keats
“To autumn” is
an Ode that was written in Iambic pentameter. An ode is a poem that attracts a
person or object that cannot respond. Keats is probably best known for his odes.
Keats talks here about a season of the year. The rhyme scheme of each of the
three stanzas is ABAB CDEDCCE. You will notice that this scheme divides the
stanzas into a four-line section and a seven-line section. The first four lines
establish the specific theme of each stanza – maturity, harvest and song – and
the last seven lines explain. There are many double consonants in this poem
that results in a very soothing tone, this really makes you get the impression
of the beauty of the season. In the second and final line of the first stanza
there is personification to be found. Stanzas 2 and 3 both begin with a rhetorical
question. In the final stanza the writer notices that autumn has its own form
of bloom, that of the clouds. The stanza is really about the acknowledgement of
the contrast between seasons but also the acknowledgement of beauty in all. Keats
uses many visual imagery such as: “thatch-eyed”, “plump the hazel shells” and ”
flowers for the bees”. Examples of olfactory imagery are: “sweet kernel” and ”
fume of poppies”. Tactile imagery appears with “clammy cells” and “winnowing
wind” and aural imagery with “music”, “treble soft” and “twitter”. “Twitter” is
a form of onomatopoeia.