The area of interest I have chosento write about is the Juvenile Courts. Juvenile Court is a court that dealswith minors who have been indicted of violating laws (Michon 2018). This meansthat most states consider children to be juveniles until they reach the age of18. In these courts, the juveniles are minors which means that the proceedingsare identified as civil (Neubauer and Fradella 2018).
The juvenile court systemhelps to the best interest of the child (Michon 2018). Juvenile Courts differgreatly from Adult Courts. Juveniles are taken into custody, have anadjudicatory hearing and are obligated to inhabited residency (Neubauer andFradella 2018).
Juvenile courts see animportance in helping the child. They focus on helping the child whereas actionof adults is looked to punishment (Neubauer and Fradella 2018). They are veryinformal, based on civil law, and almost never involve a jury (Neubauer andFradella 2018). Prosecutions of adults are based on criminal law where as juvenilecourt actions are based on the civil law (Michon 2018). Using the civil law,the juvenile courts were projected to restore the minor to a normal life bytherapy or training instead of punishment. Juvenile court proceedings are alsoa secret whereas adult’s proceedings are accessible to the public (Neubauer andFradella 2018)0. Juvenile courts are organized in three ways: separate court,part of a family court, or a unit of the trial court (Neubauer and Fradella2018).
Juvenile court matters also fall into the three categories. Delinquencyis the first category which is a desecration of an unlawful act that would beseen as a crime only if it was committed by an adult (Michon 2018). Status offenses is the second category wherethe minor commits an illegal act. The third category is the children in need ofsupervision. This could also be seen as a child who was a victim (Neubauer andFradella 2018). In a juvenile court, jurisdiction is based off of one’s age.