The juveniles until they reach the age of 18.

            The area of interest I have chosen
to write about is the Juvenile Courts. Juvenile Court is a court that deals
with minors who have been indicted of violating laws (Michon 2018). This means
that most states consider children to be juveniles until they reach the age of
18. In these courts, the juveniles are minors which means that the proceedings
are identified as civil (Neubauer and Fradella 2018). The juvenile court system
helps to the best interest of the child (Michon 2018). Juvenile Courts differ
greatly from Adult Courts. Juveniles are taken into custody, have an
adjudicatory hearing and are obligated to inhabited residency (Neubauer and
Fradella 2018).  Juvenile courts see an
importance in helping the child. They focus on helping the child whereas action
of adults is looked to punishment (Neubauer and Fradella 2018). They are very
informal, based on civil law, and almost never involve a jury (Neubauer and
Fradella 2018). Prosecutions of adults are based on criminal law where as juvenile
court actions are based on the civil law (Michon 2018). Using the civil law,
the juvenile courts were projected to restore the minor to a normal life by
therapy or training instead of punishment. Juvenile court proceedings are also
a secret whereas adult’s proceedings are accessible to the public (Neubauer and
Fradella 2018)0. Juvenile courts are organized in three ways: separate court,
part of a family court, or a unit of the trial court (Neubauer and Fradella
2018). Juvenile court matters also fall into the three categories. Delinquency
is the first category which is a desecration of an unlawful act that would be
seen as a crime only if it was committed by an adult (Michon 2018).  Status offenses is the second category where
the minor commits an illegal act. The third category is the children in need of
supervision. This could also be seen as a child who was a victim (Neubauer and
Fradella 2018). In a juvenile court, jurisdiction is based off of one’s age.