The on the back and seat of the chair.

The changes in lifestyle that
heralded the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th.
Interest in healthy outdoor activities by men and women alike were gaining
attention, like tennis and golf. Cycling also became a craze and the patent
foldable chair manufacturers responded timely to the changing market in
innovative and surprising ways.

 Modernism also created changes in furniture
production. New materials and technology was incorporated in foldable chair
production in the 20th century. Under these conditions it is perhaps
astonishing that when the modern age inventors and designers looked back to the
19th-century American parlour, they saw only formal furniture,
formal parlour culture, rigidity and immovability.

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Fig. 9 America
ca. 1920-1929 online image (www.journals.lib.unb.ca)

The
complex relation between innovation and tradition clearly manifests in the
evolution of the patent folding furniture. In terms of posture and mobility,
the folding chairs were innovative and at the same time represented custom in
their upholstery and decorative details. The professed rigidity of the 19th
century interior was rejected by the new design philosophy of modernism of the
20th century. But in the process the neatness, simplicity, mobility
and use of new materials for foldable furniture were ignored by the modernist
designers who claimed them to be their own.

New
social and economic signifiers were created with the advent of modernism and
the American home again became the locus for evaluation. Although more and more
women started working outside, the domestic environment was still under women
domain and influenced the growth of female interior design in 20th
century. The patent foldable chair is a proud part of the modern American home.

The
modern foldable chairs were manufactured in 1947. Frederic Arnold invented the
first aluminum model, incorporating fabric straps on the back and seat of the
chair. A decade later, in 1957, he registered his own company, the Frederic
Arnold Company, after the success of his folding chairs. His was the first
company to mass-produce folding chairs and became the foundation of his
furniture business.

Types
of Folding Chairs:

 The folding chair can be categorized as:

Mid-range:

These
chairs are sand not upholstered. They have a greater variety in styles and
materials. Primarily used not only for huge grounds, outdoor or places of
worship but also cafes and brasseries. The chairs under this category are easy
to assemble and has a stiff fabric which provide adequate back support. Mesh material
made chair is comfy and well-ventilated. It has additional carrying strap that improves
its portability. It can easily use at camps, outdoor concerts and sporting
events.

Fig. 10 Kijaro
XXL Dual Lock Chair online image (www.topbest10reviews.com)

Upper range:

These
folding chairs are reinforced, made up of padded seats and backrest. These are
mainly used for sporting occasions. The seat is made to drop backward so that
it stands straight, help rainwater run off the upholstered seat. These chairs
are termed as cost effective chairs. They are stylish and need low maintenance having
a triple brace and double hinged features.

Fig. 11
Hercules 1″ Padded Metal Folding Chairs, Navy online image (www.samsclub.com)

High end:

Folding chairs in this group
are very few and are sold in a very small bulk. They may be upholstered. They
are priced higher because renowned companies manufacture them and have top-notch materials and
professional-grade performance.

Fig. 12
Director folding chair by KingCamp online image (www.topbest10reviews.com)

Materials:

 Materials
for the foldable chair are:

·        
Iron

·        
Wood

·        
Plastic

·        
Aluminum.

These
days, one can find foldable chairs in various styles, made up of different
materials. Blow molded plastic is the frequent type, followed by aluminum and
wood. The typical weight is usually less than ten pounds. Typically, they weigh
less than ten pounds which improves its functionality and mobility. Usually,
the folding pivot is directly under the seat. Extra support is provided by the
back rest being attached to the front legs, crossing the seat near the center. In
the unfolded form, the back legs and the seat itself form a ninety-degree
angle. The chair folds around the hinges involving the front legs, and are
located on both sides of the seat. Once the front legs come into alignment with
the back legs the seat is also folded parallel with the back making for an
easily- stored flat piece. This also helps to place folding chairs one
over the other for storage or transport, saving great deal of space. There are
also other models that fold in an “X” pattern in either the front or back. The
director’s chair is the most recognizable version of the “x” style folding
chair. In these models the back support consists of a piece of fabric which is
pulled taught once the chair is open.

Conclusion.

Although
chairs have developed into different forms, like dining chairs, rocking chairs
and office chairs. Folding chairs, which are quite popular these days, also
have been in use since ages and have evolved a lot especially in the last
century. Although they were first invented by people who were constantly on
move and required chairs that could be folded and transported easily, but these
days it’s also the need of small homes, travelers and campers.

Folding
chairs are a definite way of adding extra seating in schools, offices,
stadiums, churches and other large institutions and are purchased in bulk for
this purpose. They are also effective in domestic settings. Usually, they are
so light that anyone can setup and tear down a room furnished with folding
furniture regardless of their physical strength.