The one. In March of 1933, Roosevelt took office,









                                                            The New


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                                            POLS 1101: American Government

                                                           January 25, 2018

Instructor: Andrea M. Peterson











New Deal





Development &

            The stock market crash of 1929 caused thousands of banks
to fail and resulted in the worst economic crisis America had ever been in. A
few years in to the Great Depression was the Election of 1932, between Herbert
Hoover and Franklin D. Roosevelt. America knew they needed a change and saw
that Roosevelt had the means to make one. In March of 1933, Roosevelt took
office, and he did so with a plan in mind: the New Deal.







3 R’s

            Roosevelt had 3 main goals while conducting his New
Deal: relief, recovery, and reform. The Great Depression caused major setbacks
to America’s economy, including businesses and farmers going bankrupt and unemployment
rates increasing. He sought to immediately relieve those who were affected with
programs like Federal Emergency Relief Act, Civil Works Administration, and
Civilian Conservation Corps to supply payments and jobs to those in need. In
order for the economy to recover he established temporary programs including Agricultural
Adjustment Act, Tennessee Valley Authority, and Works Progress Administration. The
eventual reform programs were made to be permanent and lessen the chances of another
depression and insure citizens from economic disaster.


Tennessee Valley

            The TVA was a corporation that’s purpose sought to
preserve the natural resources within the Tennessee Valley. The valley includes
the southeastern states of America, such as Tennessee, Kentucky, Virginia,
North Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. Dams were built to generate
power, lessen the chance of floods, and create a deeper river for shipping
needs. The Tennessee Valley Authority played an important role in agricultural
and energy research and development which led to the creation of thousands of
jobs (Funk New World Encyclopedia 2017).

Agricultural Adjustment

            Along with the economic crisis that the Great
Depression brought, it put a strain on the lives of many farmers. This act
ensured that payments would be given to farmers with the promise that they
limit the acreage and production of staple crops. Unfortunately, with this
money came the loss of many sharecropper jobs due to the farmers buying
efficient farming equipment. The AAA was mostly successful in stabilizing
over-production and prices that had recently fallen.

Civilian Conservation

            The Great Depression brought unemployment to almost
25% and with this increase, FDR knew he had to do something to help it. The
Civilian Conservation Corps(CCC) was one of his few programs to provide jobs
for those in need. This provided work for young men in rural areas to preserve
resources by doing environmental projects. While doing projects like planting
trees, fighting forest fires, and more they would earn around 30 dollars a
month; this program went on to last 9 years.

Federal Deposit
Insurance Corporation

            The crash of the stock market in 1929 caused thousands
of banks to fail, panicking the people of America. This drew everyone to the
bank to withdraw their money so they wouldn’t lose what they had. To prevent
this from happening in the future, Roosevelt created the FDIC as a fall back
plan to failed banks. This would allow a person’s money in the bank to be
insured and would not be lost in the case of the bank closing, unlike the
previous years.

National Recovery

            Created under the NIRA, was the National Recovery
Administration, and was essential to Roosevelt’s plan. This policy required businesses
to have minimum wages and maximum work hours. Along with those was many
different codes used for all types of industries to avoid problems between
employees in the workplace and ensure that wages rose with prices. This program
went on to last about two years and helped reduce unemployment and get rid of
unfair practices in businesses.

Women and Minorities

            The programs that Roosevelt created
to help   America bounce back from the
depression helped many families with unemployment and security. There were two
groups who benefitted the least from FDR’s New Deal,  women and minorities. The economic crisis
caused rapid unemployment rates and minorities were usually the first to lose
their jobs.