The passed by the US Congress in 1916 to

United States government’s participation in the First World War had a major
impact on US domestic politics, culture, economy and society. Under Woodrow Wilson’s presidency, Acts were passed
to improve the US military. Because of WW1, female
roles positively changed and shaped a new society; women were now able to work
in more extensive areas of the job industry which brought more rights leading
to women’s right to vote officially in 1920.

In 1916,
the United States President Woodrow Wilson signed the National Defense Act,
which expanded the size and range of the National Guard and guaranteed the
nation’s status as a permanent reserve force. The government was now able to
control the network of states’ militias that had been developing steadily since
colonial times. The army increased from an estimated amount of between 80,000 –
223,000 people. The act gave Wilson power to mobilize the National Guard and
expand it to over 400,000.  The
1916 Naval Expansion Act represented the culmination of 20 years of planning by
the U.S. Navy’s professional officers corps to build a fleet. The Navy’s
program relied on the tenets which dictated that a large battle fleet was
required to counter one or more potential adversaries.  The Merchant Marine Act of 1916 was passed by
the US Congress in 1916 to create the US Shipping Board. This act signified the
birth of the modern American merchant marine. This allowed the federal
government to own ships and regulate trade within ports. On May 18th,
1927, U.S Congress passed the
Selective Service Act which gave the U.S. president the power to draft
soldiers. Wilson argued that the US government needed to adopt military
recruitment because it was the most democratic form of enlistment.

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The high demands of supplies essential for the war put countries in
economic instability. The U.S. government attempted to guide allies (such as
England, Russia, and France) economic activity by centralizing price and
producing controls administered by the War Industries Board, the Food
Administration, and the Fuel Administration. Wilson unleashed massive U.S.
federal spending which moved national production from their importance of citizens
to war goods. Wilson implemented new taxes which in resulted to be
30% of the cost of war.


World War 1, the women movement found a renewed motivation and enthusiasm. While
men were at war, women seized and took advantage of the job industry. Because
of the war, women were able to occupy jobs that were normally dominated by
males. They began filling jobs in the industrial commerce and out seas. For
example, they occupied nursing and clerk jobs.

As a result of US
participating in World War 1, the League of Nations was formed. The League of
Nations was an international organization created to resolve future
international disputes. Wilson called for a “general
association of nations…formed under specific covenants for the purpose of
affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity
to great and small states alike.”