TheUnited States government’s participation in the First World War had a majorimpact on US domestic politics, culture, economy and society.
Under Woodrow Wilson’s presidency, Acts were passedto improve the US military. Because of WW1, femaleroles positively changed and shaped a new society; women were now able to workin more extensive areas of the job industry which brought more rights leadingto women’s right to vote officially in 1920. In 1916,the United States President Woodrow Wilson signed the National Defense Act,which expanded the size and range of the National Guard and guaranteed thenation’s status as a permanent reserve force. The government was now able tocontrol the network of states’ militias that had been developing steadily sincecolonial times. The army increased from an estimated amount of between 80,000 -223,000 people.
The act gave Wilson power to mobilize the National Guard andexpand it to over 400,000. The1916 Naval Expansion Act represented the culmination of 20 years of planning bythe U.S. Navy’s professional officers corps to build a fleet.
The Navy’sprogram relied on the tenets which dictated that a large battle fleet wasrequired to counter one or more potential adversaries. The Merchant Marine Act of 1916 was passed bythe US Congress in 1916 to create the US Shipping Board. This act signified thebirth of the modern American merchant marine. This allowed the federalgovernment to own ships and regulate trade within ports. On May 18th,1927, U.S Congress passed theSelective Service Act which gave the U.
S. president the power to draftsoldiers. Wilson argued that the US government needed to adopt militaryrecruitment because it was the most democratic form of enlistment.The high demands of supplies essential for the war put countries ineconomic instability. The U.S. government attempted to guide allies (such asEngland, Russia, and France) economic activity by centralizing price andproducing controls administered by the War Industries Board, the FoodAdministration, and the Fuel Administration.
Wilson unleashed massive U.S.federal spending which moved national production from their importance of citizensto war goods. Wilson implemented new taxes which in resulted to be30% of the cost of war. DuringWorld War 1, the women movement found a renewed motivation and enthusiasm. Whilemen were at war, women seized and took advantage of the job industry. Becauseof the war, women were able to occupy jobs that were normally dominated bymales. They began filling jobs in the industrial commerce and out seas.
Forexample, they occupied nursing and clerk jobs. As a result of USparticipating in World War 1, the League of Nations was formed. The League ofNations was an international organization created to resolve futureinternational disputes. Wilson called for a “generalassociation of nations…formed under specific covenants for the purpose ofaffording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrityto great and small states alike.”