The Massachusetts Statewide Roadkill Database project is a project that observes animals that have been deceased due to collisions or car accidents on the roads. From the website, Scistarter.com, it states that this project aims to minimize the impact of roads and traffic on wildlife while improving highway safety. When seeking a deceased animal on the road, proper materials that should be used is a simple notebook and pencil. A person should be spending at least an hour outside collecting data. The history behind roadkill in the United States is deeply saddening. The website, Scientific American.
com informed readers that across the United States, cars crash up to millions of animals per day throughout the year. Also, if a driver killed a raccoon or skunk while driving, those incidents are rarely reported. Smaller animals have a higher chance of being reported because they are just beginning to live their lives. The Federal Highway Administration reported that car accidents are a serious threat to twenty one endangered species. From the website Telegram.com, collisions between the years 2008 and 2010 were 20 percent higher than previous years which is a huge percent. This project will help the Massachusetts Statewide Database collect more data on roadkill and find a way to improve highway safety for animals. Deer tend to be seen deceased more in Autumn or Winter because these seasons are typically mating season for deer.
In November, this is a time for breeding month for animals and between six to nine p.m., more animals are being seen deceased on the roads than in the daylight. The website, Umass.Uloop.
com, concluded that more accidents happen throughout the evening because nocturnal animals have a harder time seeing the glare of a car’s headlights and cannot react in time. When water levels are too low, this affects tons of water animals like turtles, frogs, or snakes. Animals cause cars to swerve into each other and about $3.6 billions of dollars are given to insurance companies because of roadkill alone. Back in 2014, the Massachusetts Police Department didn’t keep deer collision records as a priority because they didn’t think that these particular accidents were a big deal.
Most common animals to be found are squirrels, deer, raccoons, or skunks. Visiting the website LinkingLandscapes.com, that is where data can be submitted to an online source. When visiting this website, a person would scroll down and find a form below. This form helps their wildlife mitigation make safe decisions about the way of life for the animals and how they want to go about keeping wildlife safe. On the form, a person would enter their full name, email, the animal that he or she saw, a picture if there is one, the number of animals, and what species the animal is. The importance of the project to humanity is to collect data on the amount of deceased animals on the roads or highways that humans see and submit it online to help a research group.
Submitting this information would help not only keep the animals safe, but also drivers on the roads. When the website receives this information, they would try to help find a way for these animals in danger to have a safer habitat. The science behind the experiment is to not lead animals to extinction because knowing that 21 different species of animals are in danger from car accidents itself is pretty threatening to their life span and the way they live their life. That is why scientists come in to lessen the percentage of roadkill seen on the streets.Name: Brianna LeiteTitle of Real World Problem: Massachusetts Statewide Roadkill DatabaseProblem/ Question: What is the effect on roadkill in Massachusetts?Hypothesis: The effect on roadkill in Massachusetts is greater in the winter season than in Autumn, Spring, or Summer.Explanation of Hypothesis: There is a probability that more animals are seen deceased in the winter season than any other season because during this particular season, animals are migrating for the winter and travel to other destinations.Independent Variable: RoadkillDependent Variable: WeatherControlled Variables: notebook, pencil, roadsMaterials: PencilNotebookWarm clothes Bug sprayProcedure: Put warm clothes on and bug spray.Grab a notebook and pencil to fill in the data that is collected.Go outside and look for anything on the closest streets or roads.If a person can’t find anything, ask a parent if a minor isn’t old enough to take a drive and look on the highways for any roadkill seen.Once a person finds any roadkill, record this data in a notebook.Make columns of three that include general wildlife roadkill, amphibian migrations, and turtle crossings.Collect data once a day for at least an hour or so.