The Book of Psalm is a book in the Old Testament where 150 psalms are found. The meaning of the word psalm is “Instrumental music” or extended as “the words accompanying the music”. The Psalms were written by several authors under the inspiration of God. The Psalms were written over a span of 800 years. The main author is David who wrote seventy three Psalms.
He was the God-anointed king of Israel. The other authors of the Psalms are Asaph who wrote twelve of the Psalms, The Sons Of Korah who wrote 11 of the Psalms, Heman who wrote one of the Psalms, Solomon, Moses, and Ethan the Ezrahite. Asaph and his sons were ordained by David to lead the people in worship. The Sons of Korah were, the sons of a man named Korah who rebelled against Moses and Aaron. God made the earth swallow Korah but their son’s survived. The sons continued to work in the house of the lord. Heman was a wise man who co-authored the eighty eighth Psalm with the Sons of Korah.
Solomon, the king, was David’s son. Moses is one of the most famous Bible authors of them all but he also wrote one Psalm. Not much is known about Ethan the Ezrahite, all they know is that he was a famous wise man. The Psalms were written for God, and his “chosen” people, the israelites.These psalms were sung, whispered, or even spoken prayers for God’s forgiveness, and blessings.
The majority of Psalms were used to ask forgiveness from God. The Psalms were used also to deliver other messages while being sung or spoken, and some were even directed towards God for help or a request of a certain prayer to God. There are five main different types of psalms the first one is the called a hymn. Many hymns are used for a song of praise. (New American Bible, 629) The second important part of the psalms is called the Lament or Complaint Psalms.
This part of the psalm are mostly songs that express people’s sadness or complaints about God’s enemies. (NAB, 629) The third most important one is the Royal Psalms. (NAB, 629 These psalms were performed in front of kings and other high ranked people. The fourth important part is the Thanksgiving Psalms. (NAB, 629) Thanksgiving psalms were m ainly songs to God from the person saying the psalm and/or the community who could be saying the Psalm. The fifth and final important type of psalm would be the Wisdom Psalms. (NAB, 629) These mainly focus on a central theme of wisdom.
Wisdom Psalms would also be used for a fear someone would may have and would need words of wisdom from God. “Many Biblical prophets were influenced by the Psalms. Therefore, much of the book had probably been established by the age of prophecy in ancient Israel, which began in the 700’s B.C. Some Psalms may reflect historical events that took place as late as the 500’s B.
C.” (Worldbook Advanced) The first Psalm was used to steer people away from the path of evil, wickedness, and ruthlessness. The second Psalm was telling about how people love to conspire against and with each other. Psalm five is a psalm of David and is a cry for help from God. Psalm thirty was used to dedicate a Temple in the name of David. Psalm seventeen is a prayer of David.
Psalm ninety four is about how God forgives those who ask for forgiveness. Psalm ninety five and ninety six are about singing with joy to the Lord. Psalm ninety eight is about how the lord has made great things and how we should be thankful for his creations. Psalm one hundred and twenty eight is about how you should respect the Lord. The final psalm, psalm one hundred and fifty, is about how the Lord gives mercy, sanctuary, and love to all those who follow him. The Psalms were mainly used to ask for forgiveness, blessings, and just all around to speak or sing about the good deeds that God has done. These were major themes in the ancient world, as revering God was very important, today however, the Psalms are used mainly during Mass, and not usually during everyday life, and most certainly not performed in front of high ranking politicians or bureaucrats.
During Mass, they are used similarly to how they were in the ancient world, forgiveness psalms being sung to ask for forgiveness, lament psalms lamenting sad events, etc. The book of psalm is divided in 5 sections, book 1: psalms 1—41, book 2: psalms 42—72, book 3: psalms 73—89, book 4: psalm 90—106, book 5: psalm 107—150. This is because as you see there are 150 psalms, it is uncertain why they were divided in this 5 sections, some sources suggest that they are divided, by the five-fold division based on the five books of the Torah. The division of the Psalms is not based on authorship or chronology, as several authors composed Psalms, and their individual songs are mixed throughout the various collections. It is most likely that Ezra and/or other Jewish religious leaders compiled the Psalms into their existing order during Ezra’s lifetime in the fourth century BC. Each of these five books or sections of Psalms ends with a doxology or a song of praise. The final verse of each concluding psalm includes either “Praise the Lord!” or “Amen.” For example, the final verse of Psalm 41 ends this way: “Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel, / from everlasting to everlasting.
/ Amen and Amen.” Psalm 150, the final Psalm, serves as the fitting final doxology, concluding with the words, “Let everything that has breath praise the Lord. / Praise the Lord.” As we have seen there are many types of psalms and they have played important role in life and in church many people have wrote them through all history some of them we know and some of them we do not know a thing about them and more people collected all this songs, prayers, and hymns and make them into a Book of the Bible now known as the Book of Psalms