TheoreticalFramework Several theories have been used to understand how thememory functions. As well as how these people affects physically andemotionally because several phenomena.Theoryon How Memory FunctionsScientists don’t entirely grasp howthe memory organizes.
They can’t predict what occurs while recalling a memory. Thebrain’s organization and storage of memories have been an infinite journey forcognitive researchers for decades but have enough theories to formulateeducated guesses regarding the subject.According to Mohs (2007), the processof memory starts with encoding, then progress its way to storage and finally,retrieval. Formation of memory begins specifically through sensory andperception, and requires paying attention. Itwill be then stored in short term memory which is known to have smallcapacities.
Essential learning may be transported to long term memory,especially when used frequently. Long term memory is known to store unlimitedmemories that make it easier to recall when needed. Experts find difficulty in identifyingthe difference between true forgetting and failed retrieval of specificinformation stored in the long term memory.Theoryabout the Relationship between Short term memory and Long term memory * According to Alison Preston, upgradingshort term memory to long term memory need the help of time have to beunforgettable for it to become permanent or stay longer in a person’s memory.Memories have different values. As memories combine in the storage ofmemory it will undergo changes, the longer memories are, the more it becomesblurry. But if one event have other connections to newer memories, there is apossibility that these memories will stay longer and still become intact insidethe memory storage.
The process of transferring short termto long term memory and spreading information through the neurons depends onthe hippocampus (Preston, 2007). The movement of neurons is responsible forfiltering the memories being pushed inside the memory storage. If the neuroncan communicate with another neuron, then there is a possible way for thememory to have the unforgettable factor and become long term after being in theshort term area. Having the same information on memory to another memory canhelp recalling the other one. As time passes, the systems supporting the cellswill become brittle. A person may remember a particular memory but not as clearas before. To prove this idea, Preston set oldpeople who developed dementia or Alzheimer’s disease as an example of memoriesfading away through time.
There are many ways to prevent this kind ofsituations. One important way is to have a good amount of sleep, water andexercise. Drinking supplements like vitamins to strengthen memory can alsohelp. Having a good and healthy lifestyle can affect the cells inside aperson’s brain to function well and be able to restore more memories. Theory of Forgetting * Whydo people forget their past memories? Many studies are conducted regarding thistopic and different theories have been made such as fading caused by time andthe other is that the memory somehow failed to be retrieved. Experts developeda theory about forgetting short and long term memory. The brain’s capacity finds itdifficult to grasp small details at once as suggested by the displacementtheory.
The old memories decay and replaced by the newer ones. According toMurdocks (1962) the short term memory fades due to replacement by the newerones or decays because of staying too long over a period of time. However,interference theory says that long term memory can be interfered by the othermemories so it will obliterate the original path of one particular memory.That’s why doubt sometimes occur when recalling a past memory from a long timeago. Because of this the information from the original memory will becomeedited and not have an assurance.
There are two ways of interference that cancause forgetting. One is proactive interference, where you can learn otherinformations because it will flourish other informations that is inside yourmind. The second one is the retroactive interference. Where you will fullyforgot your memory because of your current memory. For example when you have anew phone number, you will have to memorize it, and because you have anothernumber, you will not need to remember your past number. It will be forgottenbecause you created a new one.