Therehas been a lot of discussions about the implementation of the death penalty. Somecountries such as United States, North Korea and China have implemented it andsome countries have not. Whilesome people find this ultimate punishment awful, others believe that thecriminals such as murderers and rapists deserve this punishment. There arestill endless controversies about the implementation of the death penalty inTurkey and some political leaders declared that the death penalty should be legalizedin Turkey.
However, the death penalty should not beimplemented because it is not very helpful to deal with the crime problems andit comes with a lot of disadvantages. Firstly, it is not possible to seeany clue that the capital punishment decreases the rate of crime. A report by the National Research Council, titledDeterrence and the Death Penalty, declared that the death penalty has not anydisincentive effect on murder rates and therefore it should not be used when accomplishingpolitical decisions. According to theFBI Uniform Crime Report in 2016, the south region of the United States had thehighest murder rate even though the south took part for over 80% of theapplication of the capital punishments. However, The Northeast region of theUnited States took part for less than 1% of all executions even though theNortheast had the lowest murder rate in the United States. In brief, all ofthe states which do not have the death penalty as a punishment, have the lowermurder rates than the states which have the death penalty. For a furtherexample, Jamaica and Guatemala are the two countries that have one of thehighest murder rates in the world even though they have the death penalty as apunishment system.
Secondly, law does not handleeverything perfectly and there may be some crucial mistakes in law. An innocentperson can get death penalty and he/she can be executed without any reason. For example, an American man namedCarlos DeLuna was found guilty for murdering someone.
The court decided to givehim a death penalty and ultimately he got executed. After 23 years later, itwas understood that he was actually innocent and he was executed for nothing.For another example for those innocent executions is an another American namedRuben Cantu.
The court of Texas gave him the capital punishment when he wasjust 17 years old because of a murder, which he did not actually commit. Thetruth revealed after 12 years of his death. It is statistically proven that themore than 4% of the suspects who sentenced to death are apparently innocent inthe United States. There are a lot of examples about those executions of theinnocent people and it shows us how cruel the death penalty is and why weshould not implement it.
Thirdly, suspects who are poor anddo not have the enough money to hire a proper lawyer could be sentenced todeath because of their weak, inadequate defence in the court. It can cause a huge problemfor the lower class and it is also against the principle of equality because therewill be no equal chance for the death penalty suspects to whether live or diein the court. While the guilty suspects from upper class can get away with thecrimes they did as a result of their forceful defences done by their powerfullawyers, the suspects who are actually innocent but poor can be found guiltyand sentenced to death because they could not afford to hire a lawyer to make aforceful defence in favour of themselves.Forthly, In the states which are not independent and non-neutral, inother words the states which do not have the separation of powers, the potencywhich keeps the both enforcement and the judgement in its hands, can push thesociety to monotony and totalitarianism by the forceful death penalty ordersthat they give. In the communities where the justice and the law do not work,the commodification and the loss of the effectiveness of these concepts canlead the court of justice to take the easy way out with the closing ofnon-closing files with a death sentence without any research and investigation.The disadvantages of the death penalty in terms of people can be furtherexpanded. But in general, the things described in above provides sufficientinformation on why the death penalty should not be implemented.
In addition,the government of Turkey has accepted the ban of the death penalty as a subjectof the European Council in the European Human Rights Conventions. Therefore,the implementation of the death penalty in Turkey will lead Turkey to beexcluded by the other European states and the Turkey’s entry into the EuropeanUnion will be impossible.Some might say that “People who commit crimes such asmurder and rape should be killed. They should get what they deserve.” However,it is not a proper way to find a solution to the crime problems. While thecourt of justice executes someone for committing crimes, it also tempts andencourages people to believe that killing is a good way to take revenge.
Because of that belief, someone whose parents or friends got any harm maybecome furious and he/she can try to harm or kill the suspect while they are stillon investigation processes. Opposing views claim that “The death penalty is cheaper than anyother punishment because otherwise, you have to feed the murderer throughouthis life.” In fact, the death penaltyis actually far more expensive than imprisonment because of the lengthy appealsprocesses.
Some cases took more than 5 years and when the court and the judgeexpenses and the lawyer costs are considered, it is not so hard to understandthat a death penalty case costs a lot more than imprisonment. In conclusion, there is no statistical study that has given usany reason to believe that the death penalty reduces the crime rate. In fact,countries with the death penalty have the highest rates of crime.