Thisproved third time lucky for the new king, Elizabeth’s cousin.
The king ofEngland and Scotland, James I., came to the throne. Ulster Plantation wasanother attempt by Great Britain to take control over Ireland, but this time itwas concentrated in the Northern Irish province of Ulster, the wildest part ofIreland in that time. The Plantation began over four-hundred years ago whenthousands of settlers from Scotland and England moved across the Irish sea toUlster on the encouragement of the king, James I.
He aimed to „plant” loyalEnglish and Scotish families in Ulster, just as Mary I. and Elizabeth I. did,and believed the communities would then grow and thrive. Not all of Ulster was,in fact, officially planted. Antrim and Down already had significant Scottishand English populations. Planted counties were Donegal, Armagh, Fermanagh,Cavan, and Tyron.
(7) (5) Pic.2.Butwhy did James want a plantation in Ulster? There are several reasons.
First ofall, he wanted to prevent rebellion. Also, it was a much cheaper way to controlIreland than war, because armies cost millions of pounds. Moving on, Jamesfeared that Catholic powers like Spain would use Ireland as a base to raise aCatholic army and attack England. Another reason was the trade. He hoped thattrade would begin to increase between Ulster and Britain as a result ofPlantation. And the most important, James as a Protestant may have well wantedthe Plantation to spread the Protestant religion in Catholic Ireland. James wasactually really successful. (5) (7) ThePlantation did bring many changes.
The Protestant religion began to strengthenin Ulster. New towns were built, such as Londonderry or Coleraine. English wasspoken more widely, new businesses were started, English law and customs wereintroduced. Plantation family names became centered on Ulster, for example,Johnston, Armstrong, Montgomery and more.
And last but not least, Ulster wentfrom being the most Irish province in Ireland to perhaps the most influencedand controlled by Britain. Of course, the legacy of this plantation is also thedivision in Northern Ireland today. Protestant communities have strongconnections with Great Britain and want Northern Ireland to remain a part ofUnited Kingdom. On the other hand, Catholic communities see the Plantation asan event in which they suffered. They see themselves as a part of the island ofIreland with limited connection with Great Britain.