This the wildest part of Ireland in that time.

proved third time lucky for the new king, Elizabeth’s cousin. The king of
England and Scotland, James I., came to the throne. Ulster Plantation was
another attempt by Great Britain to take control over Ireland, but this time it
was concentrated in the Northern Irish province of Ulster, the wildest part of
Ireland in that time. The Plantation began over four-hundred years ago when
thousands of settlers from Scotland and England moved across the Irish sea to
Ulster on the encouragement of the king, James I. He aimed to „plant” loyal
English and Scotish families in Ulster, just as Mary I. and Elizabeth I. did,
and believed the communities would then grow and thrive. Not all of Ulster was,
in fact, officially planted. Antrim and Down already had significant Scottish
and English populations. Planted counties were Donegal, Armagh, Fermanagh,
Cavan, and Tyron.  (7) (5) Pic.2.

why did James want a plantation in Ulster? There are several reasons. First of
all, he wanted to prevent rebellion. Also, it was a much cheaper way to control
Ireland than war, because armies cost millions of pounds. Moving on, James
feared that Catholic powers like Spain would use Ireland as a base to raise a
Catholic army and attack England. Another reason was the trade. He hoped that
trade would begin to increase between Ulster and Britain as a result of
Plantation. And the most important, James as a Protestant may have well wanted
the Plantation to spread the Protestant religion in Catholic Ireland. James was
actually really successful. (5) (7)

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Plantation did bring many changes. The Protestant religion began to strengthen
in Ulster. New towns were built, such as Londonderry or Coleraine. English was
spoken more widely, new businesses were started, English law and customs were
introduced. Plantation family names became centered on Ulster, for example,
Johnston, Armstrong, Montgomery and more. And last but not least, Ulster went
from being the most Irish province in Ireland to perhaps the most influenced
and controlled by Britain. Of course, the legacy of this plantation is also the
division in Northern Ireland today. Protestant communities have strong
connections with Great Britain and want Northern Ireland to remain a part of
United Kingdom. On the other hand, Catholic communities see the Plantation as
an event in which they suffered. They see themselves as a part of the island of
Ireland with limited connection with Great Britain. (5) (7)