Throughout the years there have been many legal theorists that deal with their own separate ideas and work. One notable legal theorists is John Austin, he was most known for Analytical Jurisprudence and Legal Positivism. Although his work wasn’t discussed much during his lifetime, he is know known as most influential figure in English jurisprudence. Austin’s writings such as The Province of Jurisprudence Determined, paved the way for more recent development of the school of analytical jurisprudence. Saying that his theories are in line with the canadian justice system. John Austin was born March 3, 1970 in Suffolk, United Kingdom and died December 1, 1859 in Weybridge, United Kingdom. He was a British legal philosopher who influenced many other legal theorists, like H. L. A. Hart and Joseph Raz. Before beginning his legal training Austin actually served five years in the military. Shortly after he sold his commission and started to study for the bar. In 1818 Austin was called to the bar, but decided to quit the practice of law in 1825. When University of London was founded Austin was appointed the chair of jurisprudence. To prepare for his lectures he spend the next couple years in Germany studying Roman law and the work of German experts on Modern civil law. Austin’s first lectures in during the year 1828, were attended by many men, however attendance at his course were small to begin with and continued to get smaller over time. Little did Austin know that his first series of lectures would become his masterwork, They were eventually published in 1832 as The Province of Jurisprudence Determined. Austin resigned his chair in 1835 due to the fact that a similar course of lectures at the Inner Temple ended in the same result as the last. In 1833 he was then appointed to the Criminal Law Commission and as a royal Commissioner to Malta, but he was never successful. Austin and his wife, sarah were enthusiastic Utilitarians. After his death she worked to publish his writings. Which included two of his works The Province of Jurisprudence Determined and Lectures on Jurisprudence, the writings became standard texts in English legal education. It wasn’t until after Austin passed away people then realized how important his work was, E. C. clark wrote in the late 19 century that Austin’s work “is undoubtedly forming a school of English jurists, possibly of English legislators also. It is a staple of jurisprudence in all our systems of legal education.” (Clark 1883: pp. 4-5).
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