Tombs are an enclosed space the holds the remains on the dead. Actual houses were previously a way to house the dead in the early ages. During the days of ancient cultures, people actually buried dead loved ones within their own homes while they lived their normal day – to – day lives. Later on, in history, people started to bury them outside the homes, however, the makeshift tombs they built happen to still resemble a real house. Traditionally, most tombs are either located underground, in caves, or also in well-built structures created for the sole purpose of containing and preserving human remains, their possessions or even families. Most tombs hold remains of people who possibly were nothing more than beloved family members. However, many tombs around the world are home to many powerful, beloved and feared rulers, king/queens, and pharaohs.
These kinds of tombs indeed hold a substantial amount of meaning in their respective locations, and to this day are still look up upon by many citizens, historians and artists alike. Whatever various types of tombs were built, what matters is how important the dead receives a proper burial, and that is surely done by nearly every single ancient culture in the world, especially the culture in question, China. The practices that are done for Chinese burials were worked with ritualistic traditions and ceremonies, as well as adding in the deceased’s belongings within the tombs. Most of these specific items would go with the dead because there was the belief that in the afterlife, the deceased person would need their most beloved personal items and other valuable things while they transition into “another world”. The person that highly believed and conducted this was the first Qin Emperor of Xianyang, Qin Shi Huang. Qin’s tomb is shown to be one of the largest, most intricate burial place in the world, and has a high level of significance and in importance in Chinese history, as well as art history.
Qin Shi Huang was the first emperor of a unified China, as well as the sole founder of the Qin Dynasty. The method that the emperor of Qin performed to unify China was to find the cultural practices from place to place that were different from each other and make them all the same. The emperor’s laws were very detailed and spoke of horrible punishments if said laws were to be disobeyed. Most punishments would go from paying a large fine to exile or even execution. Qin emperor exhibited a lot of Legalist beliefs and he did not discriminate because he did, in fact, punish rich and poor equally. He wanted everyone to understand that it didn’t matter how rich or how poor you were, he still ruled over you, and no one is free from his reign, no matter the financial/social values you have.
However, Qin Shi Huang did have a lot of achievements as well; he helped build the Great Wall of China, simplified the writing system and standardized money, measuring and scales in order to make trade much easier. In spite of the emperor’s achievements, most ancient Chinese text says that the Qin emperor was unable to find happiness. Though most of all, he was also afraid to die. So, he decides to call upon supposed “sorcerers” to find a way to become immortal, much like some deity. Over 10 years later, the emperor of Qin finally died, which no one knew the cause of death. The emperor’s body was taken to the capital and buried in a large man-made mound in a humungous tomb that spanned several square miles with thousands of statues buried with him, had the help of over 700,000 workers, according to Ancient Chinese text, (Cotterell and Ching, 1989).
Now there is a very interesting story behind how this tomb was discovered. Three farmers decided to make an expedition through the fields of Northern China in search of water for their crops. When they found a spot near some persimmon trees, they began to dig. It wasn’t until 10 feet deep in the ground, they discovered some sort of clay head that they believed belong to a statue, in which they were correct. That was when the Terracotta army was disc