Ukiyo-e, added; and as the number of colors increased

Ukiyo-e, which
literally means “pictures of the floating world,” has become an
increasingly popular art from 1603 to 1806. These Ukiyo-e painting sprang from
the Buddhist ideology that joy is transient and only detachment from desire
will bring true enlightenment. The The Renaissance Art and Ukiyo-e paintings
are similar but there are more differences like culture, materials, and style.
Culturally, Renaissance paintings were Christian and Ukiyo-e were Japanese.
Materials, Renaissance artist used costly brushes while Ukiyo-e paintings were
painted using traditional brushes. Style, Renaissance was more difficult to use
than Ukiyo-e Prints.

 Renaissance art started in Italy in the late
13 to14 centuries. During the Renaissance period, Italian scholars and artists
saw themselves as leaders to the ideas of Roman culture. The Renaissance
painters used color, perspective, and background to produce amazing life-like
and eye-catching canvases (Currie). Renaissance artists created amazing
technology that made their paintings stand out to the world. When culture
“took over” art, the church told the artistic exactly what they
needed. Soon the patrons recognized that artists worked best when they were
independent (Currie). After artists were allowed to work independently, they
worked hard and competed against each other. Renaissance art consists of
sculptors and painters. Ukiyo-e on the other hand originated from Japan.
Ukiyo-e are paintings and woodblock prints. They expressed the Buddhist idea of
the transitory nature of life (Department of Asian Arts). Later on, color was
added; and as the number of colors increased and the paintings became more
complicated, the woodblock printing technique was developed to mass-produce
prints of the same design. Only a few colors were used in the early prints, but
as the technique improved, Ukiyo-e became more colorful and refined. Ukiyo-e
painters focused on enjoyable activities in landscapes, settings, shown close
up, with special attention to contemporary affairs and fashions (Department of
Asian Arts). These prints were peaceful and were done in olden day style.

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Culture is one of the
main things that defines how unique the art is. Ukiyo-e art were mostly
cultural prints in traditional ways. Japanese Artists’ tradition is one of the
oldest and most remarkable in the world. Japanese art was strongly influenced
by the art of Korea and China (“Japan”). Before Japanese art started,
people were interested in Chinese art and vases. Japan started to get inspired
and made new types of art. Working largely in monochrome in a style based on
Chinese Sung Dynasty and Japanese Muromachi period prototypes, they produced
competent traditional ink paintings at their best, but added little to the
artist tradition of Japan (“Japan”). Ukiyo-e art was unique and had a
special spark that other paintings didn’t have. The Renaissance didn’t have a
special spark in their paintings because the Church controlled the artists’
minds for few years. The church officials told artists what to do and they had
to do it; it was the rule. The Church changes impacted the way painters used
their minds to paint their masterpieces (Rosand). Since artists had enough of
the church, they wanted to be independent and not rely on the church. They
eventually got their freedom through patrons. Early Renaissance painters, still
close to the Byzantine tradition, generally worked with fresco on plastered
church and palace walls or in tempera on wood panels. These water-based media
permitted crisp freshness of color and linear Precision (Rosand). They still
used the Church’s ideas and combined it with their own tradition and made
unique pieces of art. Ukiyo-e artists still incorporated old Japanese
traditions in their prints. Renaissance artists didn’t pay attention to
traditions much as Japanese artist did.

The quality of
materials plays a big role in the world of paintings and art. Renaissance was
way more developed as a society than Ukiyo-e. These prints were still beautiful
and magnificent because they used ancient tools. They used dry pigments of both
vegetables and mineral kinds are employed along with Chinese ink, or Sumi, for
Japanese paintings (“Painting”). The ink was created by China, but
later on Japanese made it their number one medium to use in ink paintings.
Japanese ink paintings are either done on silk or paper made of hand-woven bark
fibers (“Painting”). The cloth and the Sumi ink were a perfect match.
With just two materials Ukiyo-e artists created delicate paintings of nature
and Japanese culture. The Renaissance art used more modern and expensive
materials to sculpt and paint. For sculpting, the most common is marble. This
soft, white stone can be sculpted to reflect various textures and is very
popular for both freestanding statues. Other artists may cast statues in bronze.
Painting in the Renaissance was most commonly done as fresco, or murals painted
onto plaster walls. For frescos, pigments were mixed with water and directly
painted onto the wall. However, some artists did paint on wood using tempera
paints, which are pigments that use egg yolk as a binder (Materials). Oil
paints were popular in the Netherlands and near the end of the Renaissance,
would be embraced by Italian artists as well. Oil paints dry more evenly, the
colors do not bleed, and you do not get that yellow-ish tint that tempera
paints sometimes end up with. The Renaissance artists were wealthy and some
also made materials using their ideas. The Renaissance artists used more
expensive and more recent materials. Ukiyo-e still used old techniques and old
materials.

            The style of art expresses the inner
meaning of the painting. Painting is about brush strokes and the way the
artists paint. Renaissance painters were quick at paintings and making new
style. Using more vigorously energized brushstrokes, a kind of drawing in the
light, created an art of religious conviction (Rosand). They used various kinds
of brushes and brush strokes to mostly make a unique culture or an abstract
painting. Their style was to create different types of paintings with simple paint,
brushes, and technique. This was very successful for them and painters had
become richer since then. Most painters used precise measurements and linear
perspective to make 3D paintings. Giotto in the gravity of its figures and the
basic clarity of its spatial structure, represented a new alternative in
painting to the linear elegance and decorative encrustation of the
International Gothic style (Rosand). Giotto was one of the famous artists,
Renaissance ever had, he made realistic and unique paintings on Roman Catholic
religion. Ukiyo-e paintings and prints had their own style. They were mostly
nature and showed Japanese wealth and beauty. Most art is signed by the artist
responsible for the painting. Although Japanese paintings may or may not bear the
artist’s signature. When signed, usually in the lower corner, it may show the
artist studio name in seal form (“Painting”). They did this because
the Japanese studio is made of more than one person. People in Japan think that
everyone deserves credit, no matter what. So, the artists all sign their studio
name on the paintings to give everyone who worked on the piece of art credit.
Ukiyo-e style was to create a beautiful watercolor effect on their paintings.
When the ink is thinly applied it produces a watercolor effect. It also
produces an extraordinary artist effect (“Painting”). The Chinese ink
applied to the silk allows to create any kind of effect. The most popular one
was the watercolor effect. Japan was the first to discover how to create a
watercolor effect with just 2 materials, silk and sumi ink. Japanese style was
simple and easy to follow, while the Renaissance style was difficult to use and
used more materials and talent to perfect.

 Although Renaissance and Ukiyo-e have many
differences, there are also a few similarities between the Renaissance and
Ukiyo-e. They are both famous in the art world today, but they are both known
for several reasons. The Renaissance has expensive materials and way broader
style than Ukiyo-e. The painters during this period had different views on
religion and society. Therefore, they are two complete art societies.
Renaissance and Ukiyo-e originated from various parts of the world. Ukiyo-e was
not very famous until the Edo period in Japan. Ukiyo-e prints were well known
for their outstanding colors and technology (“Painting”). Renaissance
was known for its world best painters and paintings (Currie). Renaissance was
more developed in art society than Ukiyo-e, they had better technology and
materials. Therefore, Renaissance and Ukiyo-e have more differences than
similarities.

            The Renaissance art can be as hard to
understand like Ukiyo-e. These two art types are completely different from one
and another. The Renaissance is way more modern and uses more themes than
Ukiyo-e. Japanese paintings are more ancient than Renaissance paintings.
Although there is more culture involved in the Renaissance paintings than in
Ukiyo-e paintings. The Renaissance lasted longer than Ukiyo-e paintings. The
Renaissance art used more expensive materials while the Ukiyo-e prints were
painted using simple and olden day materials. The Ukiyo-e was simpler and had a
greater effect on the world than Renaissance because the Ukiyo-e was unique and
different than most art during that time period. In conclusion, the Renaissance
and the Ukiyo-e are both different styles of art in the world.