Ukiyo-e, whichliterally means “pictures of the floating world,” has become anincreasingly popular art from 1603 to 1806. These Ukiyo-e painting sprang fromthe Buddhist ideology that joy is transient and only detachment from desirewill bring true enlightenment. The The Renaissance Art and Ukiyo-e paintingsare similar but there are more differences like culture, materials, and style.Culturally, Renaissance paintings were Christian and Ukiyo-e were Japanese.Materials, Renaissance artist used costly brushes while Ukiyo-e paintings werepainted using traditional brushes.
Style, Renaissance was more difficult to usethan Ukiyo-e Prints. Renaissance art started in Italy in the late13 to14 centuries. During the Renaissance period, Italian scholars and artistssaw themselves as leaders to the ideas of Roman culture.
The Renaissancepainters used color, perspective, and background to produce amazing life-likeand eye-catching canvases (Currie). Renaissance artists created amazingtechnology that made their paintings stand out to the world. When culture”took over” art, the church told the artistic exactly what theyneeded. Soon the patrons recognized that artists worked best when they wereindependent (Currie). After artists were allowed to work independently, theyworked hard and competed against each other.
Renaissance art consists ofsculptors and painters. Ukiyo-e on the other hand originated from Japan.Ukiyo-e are paintings and woodblock prints. They expressed the Buddhist idea ofthe transitory nature of life (Department of Asian Arts).
Later on, color wasadded; and as the number of colors increased and the paintings became morecomplicated, the woodblock printing technique was developed to mass-produceprints of the same design. Only a few colors were used in the early prints, butas the technique improved, Ukiyo-e became more colorful and refined. Ukiyo-epainters focused on enjoyable activities in landscapes, settings, shown closeup, with special attention to contemporary affairs and fashions (Department ofAsian Arts). These prints were peaceful and were done in olden day style. Culture is one of themain things that defines how unique the art is. Ukiyo-e art were mostlycultural prints in traditional ways. Japanese Artists’ tradition is one of theoldest and most remarkable in the world. Japanese art was strongly influencedby the art of Korea and China (“Japan”).
Before Japanese art started,people were interested in Chinese art and vases. Japan started to get inspiredand made new types of art. Working largely in monochrome in a style based onChinese Sung Dynasty and Japanese Muromachi period prototypes, they producedcompetent traditional ink paintings at their best, but added little to theartist tradition of Japan (“Japan”). Ukiyo-e art was unique and had aspecial spark that other paintings didn’t have.
The Renaissance didn’t have aspecial spark in their paintings because the Church controlled the artists’minds for few years. The church officials told artists what to do and they hadto do it; it was the rule. The Church changes impacted the way painters usedtheir minds to paint their masterpieces (Rosand). Since artists had enough ofthe church, they wanted to be independent and not rely on the church. Theyeventually got their freedom through patrons. Early Renaissance painters, stillclose to the Byzantine tradition, generally worked with fresco on plasteredchurch and palace walls or in tempera on wood panels.
These water-based mediapermitted crisp freshness of color and linear Precision (Rosand). They stillused the Church’s ideas and combined it with their own tradition and madeunique pieces of art. Ukiyo-e artists still incorporated old Japanesetraditions in their prints. Renaissance artists didn’t pay attention totraditions much as Japanese artist did.The quality ofmaterials plays a big role in the world of paintings and art.
Renaissance wasway more developed as a society than Ukiyo-e. These prints were still beautifuland magnificent because they used ancient tools. They used dry pigments of bothvegetables and mineral kinds are employed along with Chinese ink, or Sumi, forJapanese paintings (“Painting”). The ink was created by China, butlater on Japanese made it their number one medium to use in ink paintings.Japanese ink paintings are either done on silk or paper made of hand-woven barkfibers (“Painting”). The cloth and the Sumi ink were a perfect match.With just two materials Ukiyo-e artists created delicate paintings of natureand Japanese culture. The Renaissance art used more modern and expensivematerials to sculpt and paint.
For sculpting, the most common is marble. Thissoft, white stone can be sculpted to reflect various textures and is verypopular for both freestanding statues. Other artists may cast statues in bronze.Painting in the Renaissance was most commonly done as fresco, or murals paintedonto plaster walls. For frescos, pigments were mixed with water and directlypainted onto the wall. However, some artists did paint on wood using temperapaints, which are pigments that use egg yolk as a binder (Materials). Oilpaints were popular in the Netherlands and near the end of the Renaissance,would be embraced by Italian artists as well.
Oil paints dry more evenly, thecolors do not bleed, and you do not get that yellow-ish tint that temperapaints sometimes end up with. The Renaissance artists were wealthy and somealso made materials using their ideas. The Renaissance artists used moreexpensive and more recent materials. Ukiyo-e still used old techniques and oldmaterials. The style of art expresses the innermeaning of the painting. Painting is about brush strokes and the way theartists paint. Renaissance painters were quick at paintings and making newstyle.
Using more vigorously energized brushstrokes, a kind of drawing in thelight, created an art of religious conviction (Rosand). They used various kindsof brushes and brush strokes to mostly make a unique culture or an abstractpainting. Their style was to create different types of paintings with simple paint,brushes, and technique.
This was very successful for them and painters hadbecome richer since then. Most painters used precise measurements and linearperspective to make 3D paintings. Giotto in the gravity of its figures and thebasic clarity of its spatial structure, represented a new alternative inpainting to the linear elegance and decorative encrustation of theInternational Gothic style (Rosand). Giotto was one of the famous artists,Renaissance ever had, he made realistic and unique paintings on Roman Catholicreligion. Ukiyo-e paintings and prints had their own style. They were mostlynature and showed Japanese wealth and beauty.
Most art is signed by the artistresponsible for the painting. Although Japanese paintings may or may not bear theartist’s signature. When signed, usually in the lower corner, it may show theartist studio name in seal form (“Painting”). They did this becausethe Japanese studio is made of more than one person. People in Japan think thateveryone deserves credit, no matter what. So, the artists all sign their studioname on the paintings to give everyone who worked on the piece of art credit.Ukiyo-e style was to create a beautiful watercolor effect on their paintings.
When the ink is thinly applied it produces a watercolor effect. It alsoproduces an extraordinary artist effect (“Painting”). The Chinese inkapplied to the silk allows to create any kind of effect. The most popular onewas the watercolor effect. Japan was the first to discover how to create awatercolor effect with just 2 materials, silk and sumi ink. Japanese style wassimple and easy to follow, while the Renaissance style was difficult to use andused more materials and talent to perfect. Although Renaissance and Ukiyo-e have manydifferences, there are also a few similarities between the Renaissance andUkiyo-e.
They are both famous in the art world today, but they are both knownfor several reasons. The Renaissance has expensive materials and way broaderstyle than Ukiyo-e. The painters during this period had different views onreligion and society. Therefore, they are two complete art societies.Renaissance and Ukiyo-e originated from various parts of the world. Ukiyo-e wasnot very famous until the Edo period in Japan. Ukiyo-e prints were well knownfor their outstanding colors and technology (“Painting”). Renaissancewas known for its world best painters and paintings (Currie).
Renaissance wasmore developed in art society than Ukiyo-e, they had better technology andmaterials. Therefore, Renaissance and Ukiyo-e have more differences thansimilarities. The Renaissance art can be as hard tounderstand like Ukiyo-e. These two art types are completely different from oneand another. The Renaissance is way more modern and uses more themes thanUkiyo-e. Japanese paintings are more ancient than Renaissance paintings.Although there is more culture involved in the Renaissance paintings than inUkiyo-e paintings.
The Renaissance lasted longer than Ukiyo-e paintings. TheRenaissance art used more expensive materials while the Ukiyo-e prints werepainted using simple and olden day materials. The Ukiyo-e was simpler and had agreater effect on the world than Renaissance because the Ukiyo-e was unique anddifferent than most art during that time period. In conclusion, the Renaissanceand the Ukiyo-e are both different styles of art in the world.