Vishal not know” The Cave and the prisoner inside

Vishal Mohan

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15 December 2017

Appearance is more appealing than reality: The ‘Cave’ and its
implications

          Plato
take on reality is to explore ignorance in the face of truth and the relation
to actual verity. The allegory of the cave arises in part because Socrates is
trying to explain our discomfort with, and resistance to, the conclusions of
philosophy. The cave represents the ignorance and people who do not seek
wisdom. Plato introduced the concept of the Forms. He explains the forms as
constant objects that are the most real things; the world we perceive is a dim
shadow of Forms. The Paradigm changes when humans acquires more knowledge and
see the reality of life as explained by Plato’s Allegory of the Cave.

          People
with just sensory perception are ignorant and rather stay in ignorance than
know the truth as Socrates says, “wisest is he who knows that he does not know” The Cave and the prisoner inside both symbolize
ignorance in the world. The
wall which the prisoners face describes the extent of our thinking, and the
shadows on the wall show a world which Plato considers an illusion. In Plato’s
view there is two types of perception, sensory perception and spiritual perception.
Sensory perception is the world we see with our eyes.   (bachelorandmaster
) With senses we can see beauty but not
goodness of inner-self. It provides only an illusion. People frequently find
themselves in situations where they are presented with appearances known to be
misleading. People of cave believed that illusions or what they saw in the cave
were the most real things in the world.  When a person of knowledge goes
into a world of people who can understand only the sensory perception they
would laugh at him, they would be critical of the value of leaving the cave for
to the surface and ultimately. If they too were to be forced out of the cave,
they would kill those trying to illuminate them and explain the real world
outside like Socrates.

It is easier to be ignorant than to know the truth. The freed prisoner questions his
beliefs, while the prisoner’s still in the cave have come to accept what they
have been shown, without questioning it.  (Anam ) Education is
a way to gain spiritual perception which provides us with divine enlightenment
and helps us to see what is the reality and truth in ourselves and around us as
German philosopher Martin Heidegger says, “to be human is to exist… to exist is
to transcend…” The upward journey of the prisoner from the darkness of the cave
to the blinding light of wisdom mirrors the mind’s ascent from the visible
world. The course of progressing out of the cave is about getting educated and
it is a difficult process. Sometime it requires a push like the prisoner being
dragged out the cave to see the real world. The allegory of the cave shows us
the relation between education and truth. Plato explains the vital function of
education is not to enlighten us but takes us through the path of
enlightenment. Prisoners eyes were dazzled going back to the cave, symbolizes
our difficulty to accept ignorance after knowing the reality. This concept of
learning process differs from one another. This is applicable to sensory leaning
but not to the true education which is the spiritual enlightenment, which we
learn from the heart. According to Plato education is the process of learning
spiritual knowledge and true philosophy. Plato says that philosophical
education requires a reorientation of the whole self.

Plato believed that education can change one’s
entire life because it involves turning the soul. Education is for the tasnforamtion
of the self. Ex. For the prisoners to educate themselves they need to turn
their whole body around which includes, their souls and passions. Education furthers
the transition from the darkness to the light, which represents knowledge and
truth.  (Anam) Reality and truth lies
in the permanent knowledge and ideas instead of materialistic world as in the
cave. Human beings have chance to live in a visible and changing material world
and also in an intelligible and permanent world. The The real world is the world where we see, hear and
experience. Since the world undergoes many changes, we cannot have true
knowledge of it, therefore it is merely an illusion. The real world is one which has
many ideas, and the things there have unchanging forms. We can only know the
real world through reason. There is a comparison between the intelligent world
and the world of illusion, the intelligible world or real world is the basis of
reality. The world of illusion is the distorted version of reality, or the real
world. The reason the world of illusion is understandable is because it uses
the ideas of the intelligible as support. The basis of reality does not reside beside
the world of illusion but transcends it.   (tamayaosbc
) For example, what makes a show home of a builder
stunning are not the materialistic things like furniture, lighting and flower
vases but the idea behind its physical existence, the mind which builds this
together to make it jaw dropping. Plato depicts two worlds in his allegory of
cave, world of things which is cave and illusions seen by the prisoners and
world of ideas seen by the prisoner outside sighting the unchanging Sun. He
portrays “true knowledge” are achieved from the world of ideas and only
“opinions” are given about the world of things.  Man’s belief’s often concern
individual things, sometimes that knowledge may be true but it is more likely
false because these things are constantly changing. The real world is divided into
two section reason and intelligence. (tamayaosbc)

. On the side of reason,
there is knowledge like mathematics, and on the side of intelligence, there is
knowledge that lead to the understanding of the ultimate good. (tamayaosbc)

 Plato explains that
there is ignorance in the face of reality that is evident in the allegory of
the cave.  He further goes into, the concept of discomfort towards
philosophy, ignorance relation to wisdom, and Plato concept on the forms. The
view of the person changes, to see the reality which is shown in the Allegory
of the Caves.