We have seen massive change on the sustainability front in recent times, but the paradigma for designing performance based systems has not changed.
To achieve the full potential of climatic response, the paradigmsa has to change.1 We live in the world that is constantly moving, changing and adapting to the surrounding environment and climate. All the elements in nature are constantly moving according to the forces applied to it, like tree cones that are constantly responding to changes in humidity in the air or flowers that are opening and closing according to the sun to reduce the risk of freezing. But the building environment we live in stays static. But Imagine if our building envelopes could adapt themselves in response to changing environmental conditions and performance requirements. The conventional, stationary architecture is not able to react to the environmental factors, nor to the changing needs of buildings occupants, which brings architects, designers, and engineers to be issue of movement in architecture.2For some time now, our technology innovations has given that opportunity to create building envelopes that are able to adapt or respond to climate changes, offering the potential for indoor comfort and reduce the energy demands. In order to create such an element folding structures have been used, providing these changing through motion.
And it has proven to be very efficient when it comes about control of solar radiation and daylight. Some of this folding structures are also known as Origami, The Japanese art of folding. Origami gives us that option to design mechanics of structure that are able to change shape.
Its possibility of expanding, folding and unfolding faces gives large possibilities of deformations. It has a potential from simple forms, to create astonishing forms and richness and variability. Rigid Origami is characterized by using straight lines that results in strictly planar faces. While curved line folding is characterized by the use of curved creases which results in a combination of folding and bending of the paper. Whereas designers and engineers have been experimenting with rigid foldable structures as climate adaptive sun shading devices, the use of curved-line folding in this context, remains unexplored.3So In response to both straight line folding and curved folding, this project looks at principles of dynamic facades responding to climate. Its explores the forms of this type of structures that can be applied in building environment and the process behind modeling the movement of them. In same time how can they be adapted and changed according to climatically analyses within the Grasshopper.
By cutting apertures and shaping folds in 2D sheets, we can shape how light is admitted, blocked and reflected. Origami folds efficiently create structural reinforcement and integral hinges,and folded surfaces change in appearances with varying sun intensity and angles.4