What makes someone a leader? Is it a natural ability? Circumstance? Perhaps a combination of those elements creates a leader. “Lord of the Flies” by William Golding is a novel which demonstrates the mistakes children could make without thinking. Thinking they are adults and know how to control and rule everything and everyone by them self.
“We did what adults do. What went wrong?” A group of young boys are stranded on a deserted island. They are shocked to discover that there are no adults anywhere, and no immediate possibility of rescue is evident. They decide to impose order and strive to create a civilisation among them. They band together and delegate responsibilities within the group. They agree to have rules, and they have a vote. Ralph is one of the oldest boys on the island, and he was chosen. Ralph represented leadership, the properly socialized and civilized young man.
He knew what was right and what was wrong. As the first leader, he set civil rules to live on the island. These rules were the basic rules for living on their own and getting along. He decided that the person talking must be holding the conch this made everyone calm so only one person could talk at a time and there was no chaos.
These rules kept the boys civilized until their Jack and his gang took over and Ralph couldn’t do anything to stop them. Ralph failed to manage the boys to the point that they could see the benefits of his leadership. That’s why many were willing to go off with Jack. Jack is the second main character. He’s fueled by power, which makes him do things that are unspeakable in the civilized world. He believes that he’s entitled to be the leader, just because he thinks he should be. Jack begins the novel as a choirboy, who cries when he is not elected leader of the island.
He then declared that he will no longer be on Ralph’s tribe. Instead, he would for his own tribe on the other side of the island. Jack gathers his group of boys. They cover themselves with “war-paint” and leave on a hunt. Throughout the time, Jack used fear and manipulation to make the boys trust him. Such as the beast, he created the idea of a beast that no one has seen in order to make the members of his gang fearful. Jack tries to make himself out to be a better leader than Ralph by offering his gang protection by the beast and constantly reminding them of its existence.
Jack gradually transforms into a vicious killer who has no respect for human life. Through a series of stages, such as leading the hunting tribe, leading the choir, killing Simon, separating from the group and intentionally killing Piggy, Jack degenerates from a normal, arrogant school boy into a savage beast. This book involves lots of violence, criminal acts, savageness, civilisation and braveness. Throughout the book the theme of savagery versus civilization is explored. This book represents how anything and everything could change if there are no rules.
The boys show the decision they have to make whether to live by rules or to live violently and gain power for themselves. I believe the loss of innocence leads to the boys committing criminal acts and believing that they know what they are doing. The Arthur tries to express that government can’t really control one’s action and thinking because there’s always a driving force inside human psyche which is savagery. “Without rules, savagery takes over. Without rules, man is free to do whatever he desires.”