What unites Leonardo DiCaprio, GeorgeClooney, Stephen King, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Matt Damon, Tom Hanks and AlGore? (VIA Motors) Right! Electric cars.
These green celebrities rock environmentally friendly automobiles to show howalternative vehicles can tread lightly on the planet, and at the same timedeliver on power and style.This study addresses the issue of theecological and economical impact of enforcing electric cars in Almaty city. Theproposition that would be tested is “There would be a significant positiveimpact on the Almaty’s ecological environment and city’s economy from theincreased number of enforcing electric cars by residents and non residents ofAlmaty.” The importance of this topic has arisen since the number of vehiclesin Almaty is keep increasing yearly that caused the ecological problem of airpollution. According to the Akim’sAdministration, main cause of air pollution in the city is emission of substancesfrom transport, namely 80% (Akim’s Administration of Bostandyk District, 2008). Todaythe amount of cars in the world arises fast and frequently, for example thenumber of vehicles in 2010 reached 1,05 billion (Sousanis, 2011).ByJuly 1 of 2013 according to the CA-News reports the total number of registeredcars in Kazakhstan is 3,650,800. As well according to World Bank Data in 2010Kazakhstan occupies 66th place by the 219 of road motor vehicles per 1000people.
So, it means that car market is enough developed in our country, and inthe near future we will be able to buy electric vehicles. Accordingto Lee and Lovellette (2011, July)electric cars can be divided by system components like a battery for energy, anelectric motor, a generator, a mechanical transmission and a power controlsystem. Now there are four main types of electric vehicles: hybrid electricvehicle, plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, extended-range electric vehicle, andbattery electric vehicle. The hybrid electric vehicles use a small electricbattery to addition a standard engine. It increases fuel efficiency by about 25percent. The plug-in hybrid electric vehicle is also having the electric motorand the internal combustion engine. It has a larger battery pack, which ischarged from the power grid. This battery complements an engine smaller thanthose that are in hybrid or conventional vehicles.
The hybrid and plug-inhybrid both combine an internal combustion engine with a battery and electricmotor to increase fuel efficiency. The difference between them is that you canuse electricity as a fuel, because plug-ins can recharge from an electricoutlet. An extended-range electric vehicle works on the principle chargingsuccessively of an internal combustion engine to power an electric generator,the battery system in a linear process — the engine powers a generator, whichcharges the battery. The last is battery electric vehicles, which are allelectric. They do not have internal combustion engine and they have to beplugged into the electric power grid to recharge.