What is Coaching: Coachingis a way to develop people’s skills and abilities to enhance their performanceand can help to address issues before they become major problems. Eric Parsloe (1999, p. 8) defined coaching as “a processthat enables learning and development to occur and thus performance to improve.
To be a successful a Coach requires a knowledge and understanding of process aswell as the variety of styles, skills and techniques that are appropriate tothe context in which the coaching takes place” Coaching is a professional relationship that helps people achieve great results in both lives personal and professional also helps to fill the gap between where they are now and where they want to be. The coach works with the coachee to reach his goal Coaching is done by conducting a conversation session between the coach and the coachee. Here, the coach helps the coachee to find answers for himself. It is known that most people want the solutions they put themselves more than the ones they are forced to.
Coachingis a way of thinking to find solutions, learning and development. The purposeof coaching is to build self-confidence in the coachee. Thereare many different type of coaching modules that coach can choose between tohelp them create a structure between the coach and the coachee includes allcoaching stages start from the coaching conversation until the goals. The purpose for coaching models is to build a structure to guide the coachee through set goals to be achieved, knowing where they are now, finding options, identifying difficulties and finally set a work plan.
Allcoaching models share the same purpose regardless of their different names;here are examples of some models: GROW STARGoal Setting SituationReality TaskOptions ActionsWhat Action is Next Results CLEAR SOLVEConstructing State theProblemListening Observe theProblem ResolvedExploring List the ExceptionsReview Verify thePlan Thecoaching benefits the organization and employee at the same time, for example: – For the Organization: developingemployee’s skills and assigning new tasks for them, thus maintaining theorganization’s most efficient, loyal and productive employees.- For the employee: the employee’s feel of support and encouragement fromhis/her manager and organization as well as pride when overcoming thechallenges that face him/her and thedevelopment of his/her career. Whatis MentoringMentoringis a way to help people develop their careers by sharing the experience ofwork. Chutterbuckand Megginson (1999, P. 3) defined mentoring as “off-line help by one person toanother in making significant transitions in knowledge, work or thinking” Mentoring is a relationship between two people an experienced person and non-experienced person (mentor and mentee) based on sharing experiences is based on trust and respect between the two persons.
Mentoringis an informal relationship that is closer to the friendship where the mentoris the tool to support and develop the mentee, but the mentor is not the personwho observers and advises the mentee in the daily work. One of the advantages of mentoring is familiarizing it to the culture and environment of any organization. There are five models of mentoring: One-on-one mentoringThismodel is either formal or informal by matching mentor and mentee together andthe two are involved in the design of the structure of the program and timeframeor as planned in the official mentoring program. One-on-one peer mentoringThismodel is similar to one-on-one model but it differs that the mentee is the onewho chooses the mentor through a list of mentors and the mentee begins to askfor assistance from the mentee Group mentoringInthis model, the mentor works with a group of coachees at one time and thisgathering helps everyone to develop their skills and knowledge