(n.d.). Retrieved from
Express Newspaper. (n.d.).
Even with today’s modern medicine the spread of plague is life threatening.
Proper awareness should be given to people. Especially in countries such as
third world countries, where spread of Bubonic Plague is much faster and more
To prevent such a pandemic, a majority of the world population
should be vaccinated appropriately.
Other articles such suggest that the plague can be used for a
bioterror attack if used in the aerosol form as it would be impossible to
In addition to Peru and the Democratic of Congo, Madagascar is
also a commonplace for the spread of plague. Although health authorities in
such places are stepping up measures to reduce the spread of such cases,
Madagascar still sees almost 300 cases annually.
Referring to an article from Express Newspaper, the outbreak in
2017 has taken over 140 lives and 2000 reported cases. Of these 295 cases are
due to bubonic plague.
Is Bubonic Plague
still a risk today?
The cause of plague had not come across until the most recent
global outbreak, which started in China (1855-1959). Researchers were able to isolate the
rod-shaped bacillus responsible—Yersinia
pestis for the first time in 1894. A few years later, in China, doctors started
realising that rats showed very similar plague symptoms to people, and that
human victims often had fleabites.
How was a cure found?
Symptoms also include swollen lymph nodes, which can be as large
as chicken eggs, in the groin, armpit or neck. They may be tender and warm.
Others include fever, chills, headache, fatigue and muscle aches.
If these are occurring the patient will require a medical
diagnosis to confirm bubonic plague.
Also common: bleeding, delirium, headache, phlegm, pus, shortness
of breath, or swollen and tender lymph node
In the Gastrointestinal tract, Diarrhoea, nausea or vomiting will
Chills, fatigue, fever, or malaise will be experienced in the
Cough will occur and can
sometime occur with blood
Pain areas will include the abdomen or muscles
Within a week, death would occur.
If one was infected with the disease,
egg-shaped painful swellings called buboes would develop underneath their skin
in the groin, armpits and neck accompanied by symptoms of fever, chills, and
People may experience:
Plague outbreak in South-western China spreads
through Asia to the Mediterranean.
Spreads through Eastern and Central Europe
eventually reaching Constantinople the main trade link between Europe and
Black plague returns to Europe, takes an especially
heavy toll on Ireland
Plague of Paris
The Plague in England up until the Great Fire of
London that kills the rats carrying the disease
Outbreak of plague in Sweden and Finland
Timeline of the
The Black Death, 1.–1. T. (n.d.). Demog.berkeley.edu.
Bubonic plague infects your lymphatic system and causes
inflammation of your lymph nodes. When left untreated, it can spread to the
blood and cause septicemic plague or spread to the lungs to cause pneumonic
The most apparent reason for the outbreak of this plague was due
to the tendency of rodents to build nests around human colonies which allowed
easy transmission of the disease.
The causative agent for Black Death is Yersinia pestis. Bubonic Plague is spread among rodents and has
fleas as vector. Therefore it is a zoonosis. It is very rare for bubonic plague
to spread from one human to the next.
How did it
Bubonic Plague is commonly known as The Black Death. In the 1330s, a large number of natural
disasters and plagues led to
widespread famine, starting in
1331, with a deadly plague
arriving soon after. It was an endemic that took many lives in
Europe between the years of 1346 and 1711.
What is it?