Zika Pacific. However, while present across the globe, the

            Zika fever which is also known as
Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavvirus. While the disease is really rare here
in the United States it still very prevalent in certain areas of the world. The
virus can lead to other diseases including Congenital Zika, Microcephaly, and
Guillain Barre syndrome. What is Zika virus and how does it link to
Microcephaly?

            The mosquito-borne flavvirus was
actually first discovered in monkeys in Uganda in 1947. A few short years later
in 1952, it was found in humans in Africa in the countries of Uganda and United
Republic of Tanzania. As some time went on, the disease had surfaced outside of
Africa and were being monitored in Asia, North America, South America, and the
Pacific. However, while present across the globe, the most human records were
found in Africa and Asia to the eighties.

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            The transmission of the virus is
very simple; it is most commonly transmitted through an infected mosquito. If
bitten and infected it is likely in the time frame of early morning or late
afternoon/evening. While Zika is typically transmitted through a mosquito it is
also possible to have contracted it through sexual transmission. Basically,
meaning any type of unprotected sex. The final transmission, which happens in
the rarest of cases is through a possible blood transfusion. 

            Unlike other disease or virus
symptoms are not common with every case. However, there are cases where people experienced
symptoms or picked up on them a few days later. Common symptoms include: fever,
rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, and red eyes. A person infected by
Zika may also experience a loss of appetite, fatigue, vomiting, and the chills.

If a patient, is to conceive symptoms, they are very often mild and can be overcome
within a week or less. Zika cannot be self-diagnosed and requires a trip to the
doctor and/or hospital. In order to make an accurate medical diagnosis, there
are a series of lab tests and/or screening that must be taken to ensure a true diagnosis.

Once diagnosed, there is unfortunately no
treatment just as there is no vaccine to avoid being infected. Treatment is as
basic as one given when fighting a cold or flu. Lots of rest, drinking plenty
of fluids, and taking pain and fever medicine as needed. Now although this is
really the only treatment options available currently, there are cautious and preventative
measures that can be taken in areas of risk. First, rather than wearing dark
colored clothing it is better to wear light-colored clothing and if possible
covering up as much as possible when it starts to get dark. Second, wherever
you are seeking shelter make sure there are screens on both the windows and
doors so that insects have a harder time finding their way through. Third, just
as people have mosquito nets on their beds or cots to prevent malaria, it’s a good
idea if possible to the same. Lastly, when going outdoors spraying yourself
and/or your clothes with insect repellent. To reach the maximum effect the insect
repellent should contain either DEET, Icardin, or IR3535. Taking precautions
like these although not a guarantee against the Zika virus, strengthens your
chances against it.